Warren Weaver’s “Science and complexity” Revisited

  • Rudolf Seising
Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 273)


The mathematician Warren Weaver was an important science administrator during and after World War II. As the director of natural science of the Rockefeller Foundation he was significantly involved in changing the leading sciences from physics to life sciences. In his 1949 article “Science and Complexity” Weaver associates this change with the location of a “great middle region” of scientific problems of organized complexity” between the “problems of simplicity” that physical sciences are concerned with and the “problems of disorganized complexity” that can be solved by probability theory and statistics. Weaver stated that “something more is needed than the mathematics of averages.” To solve such problems he pinned his hope on the power of digital computers and on interdisciplinary collaborating “mixed teams”. These quotations sound very similar to statements of Lotfi A. Zadeh’s, when he founded his theory of “Fuzzy sets”. In this contribution we consider the theory of Fuzzy Sets as an approach to solve Weaver’s “problems of organized complexity”.


Membership Function Fuzzy Logic Fuzzy System Soft Computing Machine Translation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Seising
    • 1
  1. 1.European Centre for Soft Computing EdificioMieresSpain

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