From Hard Science and Computing to Soft Science and Computing – An Introductory Survey

  • Rudolf Seising
  • Veronica Sanz
Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 273)


Humanities and Sciences conform the “two cultures” of modern society. “Literary intellectuals” on the one hand and scientists on the other established a deep gulf or rift in between. That is the point of the Rede’s-Lecture The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution that was given by Sir Charles Percy Snow (1905-1980) at May 7, 1959 in the Senate House in Cambridge [40]. In this lecture he made the case of a breakdown of communication between these “two cultures” and he claimed that this breakdown is a major hindrance to solve the problems of the world. Without looking beyond one’s own nose, he claimed, both cultures will become poorer. Offspring of these two cultures is our classification of Hard and Soft Science.


Fuzzy Logic Soft Computing Deontic Logic Hard Science Vienna Circle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Seising
    • 1
  • Veronica Sanz
    • 2
  1. 1.European Centre for Soft ComputingMieresSpain
  2. 2.Science, Technology and Society Center(STSC) in the University of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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