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Homogeneous Redox Catalysis with Transition Metal Compounds in Oxide and Peroxide Systems

  • Gheorghe Duca
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Chemical Physics book series (CHEMICAL, volume 102)

Abstract

Catalytic reactions are usually subdivided into homogeneous, heterogeneous, and fermentative, which is conditioned not only by the existence of one- or many-phase catalytic systems but also most probably, as it seemed earlier, by the completely distinguished mechanisms of their action. As a result, the theories describing the conduct of systems related to these three groups should be different [1]. However, the development of metal–complex catalysis acts as a bridge, and with its help it is possible to connect all these three types of catalysis. The hope still exists that in the future a general theory of catalysis will be created. Indeed, during the last few decades many experimental and theoretical data appeared confirming that coordination compounds of several transition metals which are used in catalysis of certain reactions in homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic conditions act in accordance with the same (or close) mechanisms. This is especially specific for homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis by metal complexes [2]. The difference in the rate and selectivity of the same reaction course in homogeneous, heterogeneous, and fermentative catalysis is caused by a number of specific features such as the degree of optimum spatial arrangement of reagents [3].

Keywords

Intermediate Compound Oxidation Degree Redox Transformation Intermediate Particle Acid Chrome Dark Blue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Gheorghe Duca
    • 1
  1. 1.Academy of Sciences of MoldovaChisinauMoldova

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