• Lea Caminada
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


The understanding of the matter that surrounds us has been intriguing scientists and philosophers ever since. The idea that all matter is composed of fundamental building blocks was first conceived of by Greek philosophers more than two thousand years ago. This idea remained untested until the early twentieth century when the first experiments investigating the subatomic structures were performed. A tremendous technological progress in the second half of the century allowed to develop new experimental methods and revolutionized the field of particle physics. The construction of large scale particle accelerators and ever more sophisticated detectors paved the way to a host of discoveries. Based on these experiments a new level of understanding has been gained. Nearly everything we currently know about the constituents of matter and their interactions can be described by a relativistic quantum field theory known as the Standard Model (SM) of elementary particle physics.


Higgs Boson Large Hadron Collider Transverse Momentum Pixel Detector Fundamental Building Block 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    S. Glashow, Partial symmetries of weak interactions. Nucl. Phys. 22, 579–588 (1961)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Weinberg, A model of leptons. Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 1264–1266 (1967)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Salam, Elementary particle physics: relativistic groups and analyticity, in Nobel Symposium, No. 8, ed. by N. Svartholm, vol. 367 (Almqvist and Wiksills, Stockholm, 1968)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D.H. Perkins, Introduction to High Energy Physics, 4th edn (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Povh, K. Rith, C. Scholz, F. Zetsche, Particles and Nuclei: An introduction to the Physical Concepts (Springer, Berlin, 2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    W.S.C. Williams, Nuclear and Particle Physics (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    F. Halzen, A.D. Martin, Quarks and Leptons: An Introductory Course in Modern Particle Physics (Wiley, New York, 1984)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M.E. Peskin, D.V. Schroeder, An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory (Addison-Wesley Advanced Book Program, Reading, 1995)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. Evans, The Large Hadron Collider: A Marvel of Technology (EPFL Press, Lausanne, 2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. Green, At the Leading Edge: The ATLAS and CMS LHC Experiments (World Scientific, New York, 2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.W. Herb et al., Observation of a Dimuon resonance at 9.5 Gev in 400-GeV proton-nucleus collisions. Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 252–255 (1977)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    UA1 Collaboration, Beauty production at the CERN proton-antiproton collider. Phys. Lett. B 186, 237 (1987)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ALEPH Collaboration, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 346, 461 (1994)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    L3 Collaboration, Phys. Rev. Lett. B 252, 703 (1990)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    U. Langenegger, A Measurement of the Beauty and Charm Production Cross Sections at the ep collider HERA, Ph.D. Thesis, ETH Zürich, ETH No. 12676, 1998Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    DØ Collaboration, Inclusive \(\mu \) and b-quark production cross sections in \(p\overline{p}\) collisions at \(\sqrt{s}=1.8\) TeV. Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3548 (1995)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    CDF Collaboration, Measurement of the bottom quark production cross section using semileptonic decay electrons in \(p\overline{p}\) collisions at \(\sqrt{s}=1.8\) TeV. Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 500–504 (1993)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.L. Mangano, The saga of bottom production in \(p\overline{p}\) collisions. AIP Conf. Proc. 753, 247–260 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations