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Introduction

  • Lea Caminada
Chapter
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

The understanding of the matter that surrounds us has been intriguing scientists and philosophers ever since. The idea that all matter is composed of fundamental building blocks was first conceived of by Greek philosophers more than two thousand years ago. This idea remained untested until the early twentieth century when the first experiments investigating the subatomic structures were performed. A tremendous technological progress in the second half of the century allowed to develop new experimental methods and revolutionized the field of particle physics. The construction of large scale particle accelerators and ever more sophisticated detectors paved the way to a host of discoveries. Based on these experiments a new level of understanding has been gained. Nearly everything we currently know about the constituents of matter and their interactions can be described by a relativistic quantum field theory known as the Standard Model (SM) of elementary particle physics.

Keywords

Higgs Boson Large Hadron Collider Transverse Momentum Pixel Detector Fundamental Building Block 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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