Making Sense in the Margins: A Field Study of Annotation

  • James Blustein
  • David Rowe
  • Ann-Barbara Graff
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6966)


We report on three years of data collected in the field from students in graduate and undergraduate seminars at two universities. The students annotated texts for discussion in classes where hypertext and computer interfaces were core topics. The results of our analysis show how annotation style changes with a combination of experience and study of material related to annotation. Our major conclusions are that there are essentially six purposes for scholarly user-readers to annotate; and support for textual glosses is a necessary part of any successful annotation technology for such use. Our study suggests tools that will be appreciated by e-text users.


Digital Library Active Reader Textual Annotation Casual Mark Passive Reader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Blustein
    • 1
    • 2
  • David Rowe
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ann-Barbara Graff
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Computer Sci. & School of Info. Mgmt.Dalhousie UniversityCanada
  2. 2.Hypertext Augmenting Intelligent Knowledge Use (HAIKU) ProjectCanada
  3. 3.Faculty of Computer ScienceDalhousie UniversityCanada
  4. 4.English StudiesNipissing UniversityCanada

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