A Measure of Polarization for Tourism: Evidence from Italian Destinations
This paper proposes an index of polarization for tourism which links the axiomatic theory of Esteban and Ray with the classical hierarchical agglomerative clustering techniques. The index is aimed at analyzing the dynamics of the average length of stay across Italian destinations, and more specifically to detect whether the polarization within the set of clusters of places with similar values of the indicator has varied over time.
KeywordsHierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Tourist Destination Polarization Dynamic Territorial Unit Tourist Area
This research is part of the PRIN 2007 (Project of Relevant National Interest) Mobility of regional incoming tourism. Socio-economic aspects of behaviors and motivations, funded by the Italian Ministry for University and University of Palermo. I thank Prof. Franco Vaccina, the national coordinator of the Project, and Prof. Anna Maria Parroco for their precious suggestions and cooperation. I also thank the anonymous referees for their indications.
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