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Irreversible Alteration of Soil–Subsurface Matrix Induced by Contaminant Exchange Processes

  • Bruno Yaron
  • Ishai Dror
  • Brian Berkowitz
Chapter

Abstract

The natural soil and subsurface solid phase matrix may be changed by irreversible surface adsorption of contaminants. The extent of irreversible adsorption and changes to the solid phase is controlled by the properties of the interacting materials and by the environmental conditions. In this chapter, we describe irreversible adsorption of polar contaminants and induced changes in soil–subsurface mineral and organic phases through ionic exchange pathways. Desorption experiments may lead, in many cases, to an apparent hysteresis; in the examples that follow, we focus on research that reported real, contaminant-induced, irreversible hysteretic effects.

Keywords

Ionic Liquid Humic Substance Humic Acid Cation Exchange Capacity Fulvic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy ResearchWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael

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