The Production of Elementary Particles
Why do most of today’s particle experiments require huge ring accelerators? The answer to this question is given and the layout of today’s particle accelerators and detectors is outlined. As an example of the comparison of theory with experiment, we compute the production rate of hadrons in electron–positron collisions and compare it to the data. The fact that quarks occur with three different colors (of the strong interaction) is confirmed, as well as their electric charges and masses. Finally, we describe how the sought-after Higgs bosons can be produced, in particular at the Large Hadron Collider (the largest of today’s particle accelerators), and which of the Higgs boson decays can be used for their detection.