Vortices in Polariton OPO Superfluids

  • Francesca M. MarchettiEmail author
  • Marzena H. Szymańska
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 172)


This chapter reviews the occurrence of quantised vortices in polariton fluids, primarily when polaritons are driven in the optical parametric oscillator (OPO) regime. We first review the OPO physics, together with both its analytical and numerical modelling, the latter being necessary for the description of finite size systems. Pattern formation is typical in systems driven away from equilibrium. Similarly, we find that uniform OPO solutions can be unstable to the spontaneous formation of quantised vortices. However, metastable vortices can only be injected externally into an otherwise stable symmetric state, and their persistence is due to the OPO superfluid properties. We discuss how the currents characterising an OPO play a crucial role in the occurrence and dynamics of both metastable and spontaneous vortices.


Pump Power Vortex Core Optical Parametric Oscillator Idle State Quantise Vortex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to acknowledge fruitful collaborations with A. Berceanu, E. Cancellieri, D. Sanvitto, C. Tejedor, and D. M. Whittaker on some of the topics discussed in this review, as well as the collaboration with the experimental group at UAM in Madrid (C. Antón, M. Baudisch, G. Tosi, L. Viña). We are particularly grateful to I. Carusotto and J. Keeling for stimulating discussions and for the critical reading of this manuscript. We also would like to thank C. Creatore, B. Deveaud-Plédran, M. Maragkou, and Y. Yamamoto for useful suggestions and points of discussion. F.M.M. acknowledges the financial support from the programs Ramón y Cajal and POLATOM (ESF). This work has been also supported by the Spanish MEC (MAT2008-01555, QOIT-CSD2006-00019), CAM (S-2009/ESP-1503), and FP7 ITN “Clermont4” (235114).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesca M. Marchetti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marzena H. Szymańska
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Física Teórica de la Materia CondensadaUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK

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