Electrically Driven Polariton Light Emitting Devices

  • Simeon I. Tsintzos
  • Nikolaos T. Pelekanos
  • Pavlos G. Savvidis
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 172)


The aim of this chapter is to highlight the recent progress in the rapidly developing field of electrically driven polariton devices. The unprecedented potential of polariton-based devices owes its origin mainly to the bosonic property of polaritons to condense in the same final state, thus requiring no population inversion to achieve lasing. Consequently, it is widely believed that the threshold of a polariton laser is at least two orders of magnitude lower than that of a conventional semiconductor photon laser operating in the weak-coupling regime [C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, Y. Arakawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3314–3317 (1992)]. This makes polariton lasers extremely promising as ultralow threshold lasers or as low-power sources of coherent and nonclassical light. Electrical injection of these entangled light-matter states is a key step toward the realisation of practical, compact devices. Recent demonstrations of electrically pumped polariton LEDs in organic as well as inorganic material systems operating up to room temperature have highlighted the potential of such devices for real-world polariton-based applications in optoelectronics.


Quantum Well Cavity Mode Polariton Mode Rabi Splitting Polariton Branch 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simeon I. Tsintzos
    • 1
  • Nikolaos T. Pelekanos
    • 1
  • Pavlos G. Savvidis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and TechnologyUniversity of Crete, and FORTHHeraklionGreece

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