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Exciton–Polariton Coupling with Acoustic Phonons

  • Edgar Cerda-Méndez
  • Dmitryi Krizhanovskii
  • Michiel Wouters
  • Klaus Biermann
  • Rudolf Hey
  • Maurice S. Skolnick
  • Paulo V. Santos
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 172)

Abstract

Exciton–polariton are solid-state composite bosons with a high photonic character and low effective mass, which have been proven to undergo a thermodynamic phase transition to a macroscopically occupied state—a condensate—above a characteristic threshold density (Kasprzak et al. Nature 443:409, 2006; Balili et al. Science 316:1007, 2007). Full exploitation of the unique polariton properties requires dynamic processes for the dynamic confinement and control of the interaction between condensates. Here, we demonstrate a novel approach for the formation of arrays of interacting polariton condensates based on the spatial and temporal modulation by a coherent acoustic phonon. Analogous to the confinement of atomic Bose–Einstein condensates by optical lattices, the acoustic spatial modulation forms an array of polariton wires aligned with the phonon wavefronts. We show that the moving acoustic modulation controls both the energetic configuration and the spatial coherence length of the polariton condensates. Furthermore, the confinement potential moves with the acoustic velocity, thereby transporting the polariton wires. These moving acoustic confinement potentials provide, therefore, a powerful framework for manipulation and transport of solid-state condensates.

Keywords

Surface Acoustic Wave Optical Parametric Oscillator Acoustic Modulation Acoustic Power Confinement Potential 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the technical support from A.-K. Bluhm, M. Höricke, S. Krauß, W. Seidel, H.-P. Schönherr, and E. Wiebicke in the fabrication of the samples.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edgar Cerda-Méndez
    • 1
  • Dmitryi Krizhanovskii
    • 2
  • Michiel Wouters
    • 3
  • Klaus Biermann
    • 1
  • Rudolf Hey
    • 1
  • Maurice S. Skolnick
    • 2
  • Paulo V. Santos
    • 1
  1. 1.Paul-Drude-Institut für FestkörperelektronikBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of AntwerpenEdegemBelgium

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