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Efficient Encoding Methods for Small Numbers of Pixels to Achieve High Sensitivity for Screening

  • John B. Weaver
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 140)

Abstract

Screening for early ovarian cancer is critical because it would increase survival dramatically. Ovarian cancer is cured at very high rates when found early but is almost never found until it has metastasized and the survival rate is very low. Ovarian cancer screening might be possible using immunologically targeted magnetic nanoparticles (mNP). mNP injected into the peritoneum are delivered to the cancer by phagocytic cells using the bodies own immune system. Magnetic detection of the mNP does not require ionizing radiation and can be made at low mNP concentrations. Screening only requires the number of nanoparticles in each ovary so minimal localization is required: only two pixels. We present simulation results showing that spatial encoding for two pixels can be achieved using many sets of harmonics ranging from only two harmonics to essentially all the harmonics. However, the highest SNR measurements are achieved using only two harmonics that approximate a wavelet basis.

Keywords

Ovarian Cancer Pickup Coil Spatial Encode Ovarian Cancer Screening Magnetic Detection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Weaver, J.B.: Magnetic Nanoparticle Biomarkers in Thermal Therapy and Screening. Annual Meeting of American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) TH-E-214-5; Medical Physics 38(6), 3872 (2011) (abstract, invited Presentation)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Weaver, J.B.: The Use of Magnetic Nanoparticles in Thermal Therapy Monitoring and Screening. Magnetism and Magnetic Materials Conference; Journal of Applied Physics FA-05 (2011) (abstract, invited Presentation)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Weaver, J.B., Scarlett, U.K., Rauwerdink, A.M., Fiering, S.N., Conejo-Garcia, J.R.: Potential Ovarian Cancer Screening Method: Immunologically Targeted Nanoparticles Detected with Magnetic Spectroscopy of Nanoparticle Brownian Motion. In: RSNA 2011, 11034641, LL-PHS-TU7B (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Weaver, J.B.: Alternative Methods of Imaging Magnetic Nanoparticles. DOD Breast Cancer Research Program Era of Hope Meeting P44-12-35, 2642 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Weaver, J.B., Rauwerdink, A.M.: An Alternative Spatial Encoding Method for Magnetic Nanoparticle Imaging. In: American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) SU-EE-A4-5, 35-8484-19379-655 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyDartmouth CollegeLebanonUSA

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