Investigation of Secondary Views in a Multimodal VR Environment: 3D Lenses, Windows, and Mirrors

  • Phanidhar Bezawada Raghupathy
  • Christoph W. Borst
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6939)


We investigate secondary view techniques in a multimodal VR environment for dataset exploration and interpretation. Secondary views, such as 3D lenses or mirrors, can present alternative viewpoints, different filtering options, or different data sets. We focus on 3D views showing surface features that are hidden in a main view. We present different view techniques, including new variations, and experimentally compare them. Experiment subjects marked paths on a geological dataset in a manner that required a secondary view for a portion of each path. We compared passive to interactive (reach-in) views, rotated to mirrored presentations, and box vs. window shapes. We also considered two types of path complexity arising from surface contact geometry impacting force feedback, as the level of lateral guidance provided by the contact geometry may impact relative effectiveness of different view techniques. We show several differences in task times, error rates, and subjective preferences. Best results were obtained with an interactive box shape.


Task Time Force Feedback Error Count Subjective Preference Main View 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Phanidhar Bezawada Raghupathy
    • 1
  • Christoph W. Borst
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LouisianaLafayetteUSA

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