Appropriate and Inappropriate Timing of Listener Responses from Multiple Perspectives

  • Iwan de Kok
  • Dirk Heylen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6895)


This paper compares two methods to collect multiple perspectives on the appropriate timing of listener responses. Based on the results of the multiple perspectives from both methods a virtual listener produces head nods at appropriate times and times not indicated as appropriate and let a human observer assess the appropriateness of each individual head nod. This way we collected multiple perspectives on inappropriate timing of listener responses. Combining all these perspectives we get a view on the graded optionality and graded inappropriateness of listener responses in certain contexts.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iwan de Kok
    • 1
  • Dirk Heylen
    • 1
  1. 1.Human Media InteractionUniversity of TwenteThe Netherlands

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