What if? Constitutional puzzles, weird outcomes, and possible stalemates in presidential elections

  • Alexander S. Belenky


Presidential elections are conducted as a multi-stage process, whose election rules are determined by the Constitution and Federal statutes. While some of these rules are clearly stated in these two sets of provisions, some other rules leave plenty of room for their interpretation. The unclear (fuzzy) election rules can be viewed, in fact, as constitutional puzzles, which can be definitively resolved only by the Supreme Court, by Congress (in cases in which Congress is authorized to address corresponding unclear issues), and by means of constitutional amendments. Moreover, the unclear election rules may contribute to emerging weird (or extreme) outcomes and election stalemates, which may cause frustration and disappointment in society.


Presidential Election Election System Election Outcome Presidential Candidate Electoral College 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander S. Belenky
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics for Economics and Decision Choice and Analysis LaboratoryNational Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Center for Engineering Systems FundamentalsMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations