Biodegradation of the Explosives TNT, RDX and HMX

  • Anat Bernstein
  • Zeev Ronen
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


In the early twentieth century, more than 60 highly explosive compounds were developed and synthesized for military and civilian use. Of these, the most widely used explosives in the world are probably hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX).


Nitro Group Ring Cleavage Sequential Reduction Aerobic Denitration Rhodococcus Strain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The work of A. Bernstein was supported by a generous contribution from Vera Barcza, Toronto, Canada Rosinger-Barcza Family Fund In support of Young Researchers at the Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research. This work was also supported in part by a grant 167/2008 from Israel Science Foundation.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Hydrology and MicrobiologyZuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the NegevSede BoqerIsrael

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