Comparative Feedback in the Street: Exposing Residential Energy Consumption on House Façades

  • Andrew Vande Moere
  • Martin Tomitsch
  • Monika Hoinkis
  • Elmar Trefz
  • Silje Johansen
  • Allison Jones
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6946)

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of revealing the changes in daily residential energy consumption of individual households on their respective house faç ades. While energy feedback devices are now commercially available, still little is known about the potential of making such private information publicly available in order to encourage various forms of social involvement, such as peer pressure or healthy competition. This paper reports on the design rationale of a custom-made chalkboard that conveys different visualizations of household energy consumption, which were updated daily by hand. An in-situ, between-subject study was conducted during which the effects of such a public display were compared with two different control groups over a total period of 7 weeks. The competitive aspects of the public display led to more sustained behavior change and more effective energy conservation, as some graphical depictions such as a historical line graph raised awareness about consumption behavior, and the public character of the display prompted discussions in the wider community. The paper concludes with several considerations for the design of public displays, and of household energy consumption in particular.

Keywords

persuasive computing public display urban screen visualization sustainability interaction design urban computing 

References

  1. 1.
    International Energy Outlook 2007. Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, US Department of Energy, Washington, DC (2007) Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Breslau, K.: The Resurrection of Al Gore. Wired 14 (2006) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Egan, C.: Graphical Displays and Comparative Energy Information: What Do People Understand and Prefer? In: Summer Study of the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (1999) Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Holmes, T.: Eco-Visualization: Combining Art and Technology to Reduce Energy Consumption. In: Creativity and Cognition, pp. 153–162. ACM, New York (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Roberts, S., Humphries, H., Hyldon, V.: Consumer Preferences for Improving Energy Consumption Feedback. Report to Ofgem, Centre for Sustainable Energy (2004) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pierce, J., Schiano, D.J., Paulos, E.: Home, habits, and energy: examining domestic interactions and energy consumption. In: Proc. CHI 2010, pp. 1985–1994. ACM, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Darby, S.: The Effectiveness of Feedback on Energy Consumption. Env. Change Inst., Oxford (2006) Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Staats, H., Leeuwen, E.v., Wit, A.: A Longitudinal Study of lnformational Interventions to Save Energy in an Office Building. J. Applied Behav. Analysis 33(1), 101–104 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fogg, B.J.: Persuasive Technology: Using Computers to Change What We Think and Do. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco (2002)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Froehlich, J., Findlater, L., Landay, J.: The design of eco-feedback technology. In: Proc. CHI 2010, pp. 1999–2008. ACM, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Consolvo, S., McDonald, D.W., Landay, J.A.: Theory-driven design strategies for technologies that support behavior change in everyday life. In: Proc. CHI 2009, pp. 405–414. ACM, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fogg, B.J.: A behavior model for persuasive design. In: Proc. Persuasive 2009. ACM, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mountain, D.: The Impact of Real-Time Feedback on Residential Electricity Consumption: The Hydro One Project (2006) Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hargreaves, T., Nyea, M., Burgessa, J.: Making energy visible: A qualitative field study of how householders interact with feedback from smart energy monitors. Energy Policy 38(10), 6111–6119 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ueno, T., Inadab, R., Saekib, O., Tsjib, K.: Effectiveness of an Energy-Consumption Information System. Applied Energy 83(8), 868–883 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wood, G., Newborougha, M.: Energy-use information transfer for intelligent homes: Enabling energy conservation with central and local displays. Energy and Buildings 39(4), 495–503 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Martinez, M.S., Geltz, C.R.: Utilizing a Pre-Attentive Technology for Modifying Customer Energy Usage. Paper presented at the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (2005) Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ham, J., Midden, C.: Ambient Persuasive Technology Needs Little Cognitive Effort: The Differential Effects of Cognitive Load on Lighting Feedback Versus Factual Feedback. In: Ploug, T., Hasle, P., Oinas-Kukkonen, H. (eds.) PERSUASIVE 2010. LNCS, vol. 6137, pp. 132–142. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jacobs, M., Löfgren, U.: Promoting Energy Awareness through Interventions in Public Space. In: Proc. NordCHI 2005. ACM Press, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gyllensward, M., Gustafsson, A.: The Power-Aware Cord: Energy Awareness through Ambient Information Display. In: EA CHI 2005. ACM, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pierce, J., Odom, W., Blevis, E.: Energy Aware Dwelling: A Critical Survey of Interaction Design for Eco-Visualizations. In: Proc. OZCHI 2008. ACM, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vande Moere, A.: Towards Designing Persuasive Ambient Visualization. In: Issues in the Design & Evaluation of Ambient Information Systems Workshop, pp. 48–52 (2007) Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Björkskog, C., Jacucci, G., Mikkola, T., Bertoncini, M., Gamberini, l., Torstensson, C., Nieminen, T., Briguglio, l., Andriani, P., Fiorentino, G.: BeAware: A Framework for Residential Services on Energy Awareness. In: Proc. UBICOMM 2010 (2010) Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    He, H.A., Greenberg, S.: Motivating Sustainable Energy Consumption in the Home. In: Defining the Role of HCI in the Challenges of Sustainability Workshop (2009) Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    De Young, R.: Changing behavior and making it stick: the conceptualization and management of conservation behavior. Env. & Behavior 25(3), 485–505 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Abrahamse, W., Steg, L., Vlek, C., Rothengatter, T.: A review of intervention studies aimed at household energy conservation. J. Env. Psyc. 25, 273–291 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Brandon, G., Lewis, A.: Reducing household energy consumption: A qualitative and quantitative field study. J. Env. Psyc. 19(1), 75–85 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Foster, D., Lawson, S., Blythe, M., Cairns, P.: Wattsup?: Motivating reductions in domestic energy consumption using social networks. In: NordiCHI 2010. ACM Press, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Petkov, P., Köbler, F., Foth, M., Krcmar, H.: Motivating domestic energy conservation through comparative, community-based feedback in mobile and social media. In: Proc. C&T 2011. ACM, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Make Me Sustainable, http://makemesustainable.com/
  31. 31.
    Carbonrally - Green Living, http://www.carbonrally.com/
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
    Kaufman, L.: Utilities Turn Their Customers Green, With Envy. The New York Times (2009), http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/31/science/earth/31compete.html
  34. 34.
    Fatah gen. Schieck, A.: Animate Space: Urban Environments as Medium of Communication. In: Proc. Space Syntax Symposium (2005) Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Davies, K.: Knocking on doors: recruitment and enrichment in a qualitative interview-based study. Int. J. of Social Research Meth. (2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Vande Moere
    • 1
  • Martin Tomitsch
    • 2
  • Monika Hoinkis
    • 3
  • Elmar Trefz
    • 4
  • Silje Johansen
    • 2
  • Allison Jones
    • 2
  1. 1.Design LabK.U. LeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Design LabUniversity of SydneyAustralia
  3. 3.University of Applied Sciences PotsdamGermany
  4. 4.DABUTSAustralia

Personalised recommendations