• Vikenti Gorokhovski
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTH)


Although hydrogeological conditions can be of interest per se, most hydrogeological investigations are of applied nature, and their results are used in decision-making that may carry large ecological and financial risks. For example, when developing a reservoir project, the developers have to evaluate possible losses of water from the reservoir, the stability of the dam, and how adjacent soils and rocks could be affected by different project decisions. Hydrogeological investigations related to the use of an aquifer for water supply should not only conclude that the usage is possible. The developers must also have estimates on how long and with what intensity the aquifer can be exploited by a well or group of wells. The developers of a landfill project must know whether the landfill can cause contamination of the aquifer below and, if so, whether and when the contaminant plume will reach water supply wells and the concentration of the pollutant at the wells. The developers of an irrigation project need to know to what extent and how fast the water table rise should be expected, what consequences are possible, how to deal with them effectively, etc.


Hydraulic Conductivity Homogeneous Model Geological Model Homogeneous Part Darcy Velocity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bear J, Belgin MS, Ross RR (1992) Fundamentals of ground water modeling, EPA/540/S- 92/005, ground water issue paper, Superfund Technology Support Center, Kerr Laboratory, Ada, Oklahoma, April 1992Google Scholar
  2. Beven K (1989) Changing ideas in hydrology—the case of physically-based models. J Hydrology 105:157–172 AmsterdamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beven K (2005) On the concept of model structural error. Water Sci Technol 52(6):167–175 IWA PublishingGoogle Scholar
  4. Carrera J, Neuman SP (1986) Estimation of aquifer parameters under transient and steady state conditions 2. Uniqueness, stability, and solution algorithms. Water Resour Res 22(2):211–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gomez-Hernandez JJ, Gorelick SM (1989) Effective groundwater model parameter values: influence of spatial variability of hydraulic conductivity, leakance, and recharge. Water Resour Res 25(3):405–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gorokhovski VM (1977) Mathematical methods and reliability of hydrogeological and engineering geological predictions (Maтeмaтичecкиe мeтoды и дocтoвepнocть гидpoгeoлoгичecкиx и инжeнepнo-гeoлoгичecкиx пpoгнoзoв), Nedra, Moscow, p 77 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Hornung U (1990) Parameter identification, proceedings of the international symposium on water quality modeling of agricultural nonpoint sources, Part 2, June 19–23, 1988, US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, ARS–81, 755–764Google Scholar
  8. Kool JB, Parker JC, van Genuchten MT (1987) Parameter estimation for unsaturated flow and transport models: a review. J Hydrol 91:255–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Morton A (1993) Mathematical models: questions of trustworthiness. Br J Phil Sci 44:659–674CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Muskat M (1946) The flow of homogeneous fluids through porous media, 1st edn. Second printing. Edward Brothers, Ann Arbor, p 763Google Scholar
  11. US EPA (1987) Environmental protection agency, handbook, groundwater, environmental protection agency, EPA/625/6- 87/016, US Environmental Protection Agency, Robert S. Kerr EnvironmentalGoogle Scholar
  12. van Genuchten MT, Gorelick SM, Yeh WW-G (1990) Application of parameter estimation technique to solute transport studies. Proceedings of the international symposium on water quality modeling of agricultural non-point sources, Part 2, US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, ARS-81, 19–23 June, pp 731–753, 1988Google Scholar
  13. Yeh WW-G (1986) Review of parameter identification procedures in ground water hydrology: the inverse problem. Water Resour Res 22(2):95–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AthensUSA

Personalised recommendations