Comparison of Shape Regression Methods under Landmark Position Uncertainty
Despite the growing interest in regression based shape estimation, no study has yet systematically compared different regression methods for shape estimation. We aimed to fill this gap by comparing linear regression methods with a special focus on shapes with landmark position uncertainties. We investigate two scenarios: In the first, the uncertainty of the landmark positions was similar in the training and test dataset, whereas in the second the uncertainty of the training and test data were different. Both scenarios were tested on simulated data and on statistical models of the left ventricle estimating the end-systolic shape from end-diastole with landmark uncertainties derived from the segmentation process, and of the femur estimating the 3D shape from one projection with landmark uncertainties derived from the imaging setup. Results show that in the first scenario linear regression methods tend to perform similar. In the second scenario including estimates of the test shape landmark uncertainty in the regression improved results.
KeywordsRoot Mean Square Error Partial Little Square Root Mean Square Ordinary Little Square Ridge Regression
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