Robust Skull Stripping of Clinical Glioblastoma Multiforme Data
Skull stripping is the first step in many neuroimaging analyses and its success is critical to all subsequent processing. Methods exist to skull strip brain images without gross deformities, such as those affected by Alzheimer’s and Huntington’s disease. However, there are no techniques for extracting brains affected by diseases that significantly disturb normal anatomy. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is such a disease, as afflicted individuals develop large tumors that often require surgical resection. In this paper, we extend the ROBEX skull stripping method to extract brains from GBM images. The proposed method uses a shape model trained on healthy brains to be relatively insensitive to lesions inside the brain. The brain boundary is then searched for potential resection cavities using adaptive thresholding and the Random Walker algorithm corrects for leakage into the ventricles. The results show significant improvement over three popular skull stripping algorithms (BET, BSE and HWA) in a dataset of 48 GBM cases.
KeywordsRandom Forest Glioblastoma Multiforme Resection Cavity Adaptive Thresholding Random Walker Algorithm
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