Effects of Ultrasound Section-Thickness on Brachytherapy Needle Tip Localization Error
Purpose: Ultrasound section-thickness is the out-of-plane beamwidth causing major roles in creating image artifacts normally appearing around the anechoic areas. These artifacts can introduce errors in localizing the needle tips during any ultrasound-guided procedure. To study how section-thickness and imaging parameters can affect observing and localizing needle tips, we have conducted a typical calibration setup experiment. Method: Multiple needles were inserted orthogonal to the axial image plane, at various distances from the transducer. The experiment was conducted on a brachytherapy stepper for a curvilinear transrectal-ultrasound probe. Result: Experiments demonstrated that the imaging parameters have direct impacts on observing needle tips at different axial locations. They suggest specific settings to minimize the imaging artifacts. Conclusion: The ultrasound section-thickness and side lobes could result in misjudgment of needle insertion depth in an ultrasound-guided procedure. A beam profile could assist in considering the likelihood of position errors, when the effects of side lobes are minimized.
KeywordsSide Lobe Needle Insertion Beam Pattern TRUS Image TRUS Probe
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