Cervix and Vagina

  • Mariano Volpacchio
  • Joan C. Vilanova
  • Antonio Luna
Part of the Learning Imaging book series (LEARN)


About 90% of cervical carcinomas are squamous cell carcinoma, 5–10% are adenocarcinoma, and others are rare histologic subtypes. Prevalence of invasive squamous cell carcinoma has been decreasing because of cytologic screening (Papanicolaou smear). Most cervical squamous cell carcinomas grow at the squamocolumnar junction. In younger women, the tumor tends to grow outward (exophytic growth pattern). In elderly patients, cervical cancer tends to grow inward along the cervical canal (endophytic growth pattern). Occasionally, as in this case, cervical cancer may present in an advanced stage, and it is diagnosed incidentally by imaging.


Cervical Cancer Magnetic Resonance Imaging Examination Vaginal Vault Uterosacral Ligament Urethral Diverticulum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading


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  5. Semelka RC (2010) Abdomino pelvic MRI. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariano Volpacchio
    • 1
  • Joan C. Vilanova
    • 2
  • Antonio Luna
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro diagnóstico RossiBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyClínica Girona-Hospital Sta. CaterinaGironaSpain
  3. 3.Clinica Las Nieves, SercosaJaénSpain

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