• Marcelo Potolicchio
  • Antonio Luna
  • Joan C. Vilanova
Part of the Learning Imaging book series (LEARN)


An expectant woman in the 24th gestational week was referred for further evaluation of two pulmonary cystic masses detected on routine US examination.


Spina Bifida Esophageal Atresia Pulmonary Sequestration Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Cystic Hygroma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading


  1. Benacerraf BR (2008) Ultrasound of fetal syndromes. Churchill Livingstone, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Callen P (2007) Ultrasonography in obstetric and gynecology. Saunders Company, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  3. Nyberg DA (2002) Diagnostic imaging of fetal anomalies. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  4. Rumack CM, Wilson SR, Charboneau JW, Levine D (2011) Diagnostic ultrasound. Mosby, St LouisGoogle Scholar
  5. Woodward PL, Kennedy A, Sohaey R, Oh KY, Puchalski MD, Byrne JL (2008) EXPERTdd: obstetrics. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar


  1. Benacerraf BR, Benson CB, Abuhamad AZ, Copel JA, Abramowicz JS, Devore GR et al (2005) Three-and 4-dimensional ultrasound in obstetrics and gynecology: proceedings of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Consensus Conference. J Ultrasound Med 24(12):1587–1597PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Cannie M, Jani J, Dymarkowski S, Deprest J (2006) Fetal magnetic resonance imaging: luxury or necessity? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 27(5):471–476PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cesko I, Hajdú J, Marton T, Tóth-Pál E, Papp C, Papp Z (1998) Fetal atrioventricular septal defect associated with Patau and Edwards syndromes, as well as trisomy 22. Orv Hetil 139(18):1087–1089PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Chelli D, Dimassi K, Bouaziz M, Masmoudi A, Ben Jemaa N et al (2008) Prenatal ultrasound aspects of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Tunis Med 86(4):328–334PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Cho HJ, Won HS, Ju DH, Roh HJ, Lee PR, Kim A (2010) Evaluation of the usefulness of the fetal femur length with respect to gestational age to detect Down syndrome in Korean subjects. Prenat Diagn 30(8):734–738PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dane B, Dane C, Aksoy F, Cetin A, Yayla M (2009) Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita: analysis of twelve cases. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 36(4):259–262PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Egan JF, Malakh L, Turner GW, Markenson G, Wax JR, Benn PA (2001) Role of ultrasound for Down syndrome screening in advanced maternal age. Am J Obstet Gynecol 185(5): 1028–1031PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Emmanuelli V, Lahoche-Manucci A, Holder-Espinasse M, Devisme L, Vaast P, Dieux-Coeslier A et al. (2010) Prenatal diagnosis of hyperechogenic kidneys: A study of 17 cases. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) 39(8):637–46Google Scholar
  9. Frates MC, Kumar AJ, Benson CB, Ward VL, Tempany CM (2004) Fetal anomalies: comparison of MR imaging and US for diagnosis. Radiology 232(2):398–404PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. García-López MA, Bermúdez-Rojas Mde L, Oaxaca-Escobar C (2010) Prenatal diagnosis of cleft palate by 3D ultrasound. Ginecol Obstet Mex 78(11):626–632PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kalish RB, Thaler HT, Chasen ST, Gupta M, Berman SJ, Rosenwaks Z, Chervenak FA (2004) First- and second-trimester ultrasound assessment of gestational age. Am J Obstet Gynecol 191(3):975–978PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Li H, Liu T, Liu C, Shang T (2007) Prenatal diagnosis and clinical prognosis of fetal hyperechogenic kidneys. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 42(4):236–238PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Martínez JM, Gómez O, Bennasar M, Olivella A, Crispi F, Puerto B, Gratacós E (2010) The ‘question mark’ sign as a new ultrasound marker of tetralogy of Fallot in the fetus. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 36(5):556–560PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Van den Hof MC, Wilson RD (2005) Fetal soft markers in obstetric ultrasound. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 27(6):592–636PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Nemec SF, Höftberger R, Nemec U, Bettelheim D, Brugger PC, Kasprian G et al (2011) Fetal akinesia and associated abnormalities on prenatal MRI. Prenat Diagn 31(5):484–490PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nicolaides KH, Bindra R, Turan OM, Chefetz I, Sammar M, Meiri H et al (2006) A novel approach to first-trimester screening for early pre-eclampsia combining serum PP-13 and Doppler ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 27(1):13–17PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Nicolaides KH (2011) Screening for fetal aneuploidies at 11 to 13 weeks. Prenat Diagn 31(1):7–15PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Paladini D, Sglavo G, Greco E, Nappi C (2008) Cardiac screening by STIC: can sonologists performing the 20-week anomaly scan pick up outflow tract abnormalities by scrolling the A-plane of STIC volumes? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 32(7):865–870PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Peisner D (2010) Importance of minor markers on the second-trimester sonogram. J Ultrasound Med 29(9):1383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Pereira S, Ganapathy R, Syngelaki A, Maiz N, Nicolaides KH (2011) Contribution of fetal tricuspid regurgitation in first-trimester screening for major cardiac defects. Obstet Gynecol 117(6):1384–1391PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Emmanuelli V, Lahoche-Manucci A, Holder-Espinasse M, Devisme L, Vaast P, Dieux-Coeslier A, Dehennault M, Petit S, Besson R, Houfflin-Debarge V (2010) Prenatal diagnosis of hyperechogenic kidneys: a study of 17 cases. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) 39(8):637–646, Epub 2010 Sep 15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Quarello E, Salomon LJ (2011) Quality control of first trimester US for Down syndrome screening: more questions than answers. Gynecol Obstet Fertil 39(6):335–338PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sepulveda W, Wong AE, Fauchon DE (2011) Fetal spinal anomalies in a first-trimester sonographic screening program for aneuploidy. Prenat Diagn 31(1):107–114. doi: 10.1002/pd.2608 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sohan K, Freer M, Mercer N, Soothill P, Kyle P (2001) Prenatal detection of facial clefts. Fetal Diagn Ther 16(4):196–199PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sonek J, Nicolaides K (2010) Additional first-trimester ultrasound markers. Clin Lab Med 30(3):573–592PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yagel S, Cohen SM, Shapiro I, Valsky DV (2007) 3D and 4D ultrasound in fetal cardiac scanning: a new look at the fetal heart. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 29(1):81–95PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo Potolicchio
    • 1
  • Antonio Luna
    • 2
  • Joan C. Vilanova
    • 3
  1. 1.Ultrasound UnitDADISACádizSpain
  2. 2.Clinica Las Nieves SercosaJaénSpain
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyClínica Girona-Hospital Sta. CaterinaGironaSpain

Personalised recommendations