Rivers in Cold Regions

  • Ming-ko Woo


River forms and processes have reciprocal feedbacks: the former influence the conveyance of flow and the latter modify channel morphology and drainage pattern. Climate provides the external forcing on the land, driving the hydrologic and fluvial systems to impact streamflow and sediment regimes and the alluvial morphology (Woo and McCann 1994). The relationship between the climate, the hydrologic and the fluvial systems is shown schematically in Fig. 9.1.


Drainage Network Permafrost Region Continuous Permafrost Permafrost Area Discontinuous Permafrost 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geography and Earth SciencesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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