Slope Processes

  • Ming-ko Woo


Slopes provide hydrologic linkage, through lateral runoff, between uplands and the valleys and plains below. Slope runoff mechanisms vary widely, the result of a host of factors that include permafrost conditions, regional and local climates, topography, soil and vegetation. Snow is a major consideration in generating runoff in cold regions. Not all slopes yield runoff and those that do often exhibit marked seasonal flow rhythms. Investigation of slope hydrology requires information on water supply, storage and loss, flow paths and connectivity with rivers, wetlands and lakes. This chapter describes the pathways of slope runoff in relation to rainfall, snow condition and the permafrost landscape. The sources and delivery of runoff are considered, together with case studies that exemplify slope hydrology in continuous and discontinuous permafrost regions.


Water Table Overland Flow Saturated Zone Subsurface Flow Snowmelt Period 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geography and Earth SciencesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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