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Active Layer Dynamics

  • Ming-ko Woo
Chapter

Abstract

The annually frozen and thawed active layer in permafrost terrain and the seasonally frozen ground in non-permafrost areas have comparable thermal and hydrologic behavior for most parts of the year. Pervasive coldness of the winter freezes the near-surface zones of rocks and soils, minimizing the thermal and hydrologic differences between the permafrost and non-permafrost materials. When seasonal frost disappears in the summer, the non-permafrost soil has above-freezing conditions throughout its profile while the active layer continues to be underlain by frigid permafrost with limited permeability. The continued existence of a cold and relatively impermeable substrate is responsible for a set of hydrologic conditions unique to the permafrost environment (Sect. 1.4.1).

Keywords

Snow Cover Active Layer Freeze Soil Snow Water Equivalent Permafrost Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geography and Earth SciencesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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