Postoperative Surveillance for Recurrent Malignant Disease

Chapter

Abstract

The goals of initial therapy for thyroid cancer are to remove or destroy all evidence of disease while minimizing treatment-related side effects and unnecessary therapies. This initial management, if successful, should result in decreasing local or distant recurrence as well as disease-specific mortality. While certainly not a new concept, the last several years have seen a renewed interest in a risk-adapted approach to the management of thyroid cancer in which the extent and intensity of initial therapy is tailored according to individualized risk estimates of recurrence and mortality. Following thyroid surgery (either total thyroidectomy or hemi-thyroidectomy), patients continue a risk-adapted approach to ongoing thyroid cancer management based on standardized clinicopathologic factors that predict the risk of recurrence and/or mortality. In this approach, the risks and benefits of potential additional therapies are balanced against the specific risks of recurrence, mortality, and response to therapy for individual patients.

Keywords

Thyroid Cancer Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma National Comprehensive Cancer Network National Comprehensive Cancer Network Differentiate Thyroid Cancer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineEndocrinology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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