Ocean Dynamics pp 179-210 | Cite as

Gravity Waves

  • Dirk Olbers
  • Jürgen Willebrand
  • Carsten Eden


Gravity waves play an important role in the adjustment of ocean currents towards geostrophic equilibrium. Internal gravity waves contribute by breaking to mixing processes in the ocean interior, especially to diapycnal mixing. Surface gravity waves are effective in the exchange of momentum, heat, water, and gases between the ocean and the atmosphere, in addition to their practical significance for shipping.


Dispersion Relation Group Velocity Gravity Wave Internal Wave Wave Group 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und MeeresforschungBremerhavenGermany
  2. 2.Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften IFM-GEOMARKielGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Marine ScienceUniversity HamburgHamburgGermany

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