Digital Technologies for Evolutionary Construction

  • Jan Knippers
Conference paper


Todays engineering of building structures is based on model thinking. Load bearing structures are developed by choosing solutions from a catalogue of systems (e.g. beam, truss, arch.) established approximately 100 years ago with the criterion of calculability and the methodology of analysis. Digital modelling, analysis, and fabrication allow not only for complex geometries but also a return to redundant, overlaying and indeterminate structural systems, as they were used when the development of load bearing structures was based on a craftsmans experience, and not on verifiable structural analysis. To go one step further, digital technologies allow for a new approach to natural systems, an option, which is neither fully realized nor explored yet.


Digital Technology Digital Design Construction Principle Parametric Tool Today Engineering 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Wilkins, D.R.: Getting Started with LaTeX, 2nd edn (1995),
  2. 2.
    Knippers, J., Helbig, T.: Smooth shapes and stable grids. In: Shell and Spatial Structures: Structural Architecture - Towards the future looking to the past. Proceedings of IASS Symposium 2007, Venice, Italy, pp. S. 207–208 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Knippers, J., Helbig, T.: The Frankfurt Zeil Grid Shell. In: Evolution and Trends in Design, Analysis and Construction of Shell and Spatial Structures, Proceedings of IASS Symposium 2009, Valencia, Spain, pp. S. 328–329 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Menges, A., Schleicher, S., Fleischmann, M.: Research Pavilion ICD/ITKE. In: Proceedings of the FABRRICATE Conference 2011, Stuttgart, London (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lienhard, J., Schleicher, S., Knippers, J.: Bending-active Structures - Research Pavilion ICD/ITKE. In: Taller, Longer, Lighter - Meeting Growing Demand with Limited Resources, Proceedings of IABSE-IASS Symposium 2011, London (2011)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Knippers, J.: Speck, T.: Design and Construction Principles in Nature and Architecture. Submitted to: Bioinspiration & BiomimeticsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Knippers
    • 1
  1. 1.Knippers Helbig Advanced EngineeringStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations