German Development Cooperation and the World Commission on Dams

  • Kirsten Nyman
  • Klaus Horstmann
  • Christiane Rudolph
Chapter

Abstract

More than 10 years after the German government welcomed the recommendations of the World Commission on Dams (WCD) and made them the yardstick for all dam-related activities in its development cooperation, this article reviews how those recommendations were integrated into German development cooperation and what mechanisms were used to promote their implementation. The first part of the article considers the background to the work of and results achieved by the WCD, the policy response and four interrelated mechanisms for promoting the implementation of the WCD’s recommendations: (1) support for dialogues on implementation at national level; (2) integration into bilateral development cooperation; (3) advocacy of implementation in multilateral development cooperation, and (4) the promotion of international standard-setting and sector dialogues. The second part of the article takes a practical view and discusses challenges to the implementation of the WCD’s recommendations at project level on the basis of experience in German development cooperation. The aim of the article is to paint a comprehensive picture showing how and why German development cooperation has supported the work of the WCD and helped to implement its recommendations.

Keywords

European Union Development Cooperation Strategic Priority Hydropower Project Southern African Development Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. BMZ (Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung) (2006) Water Sector Strategy. Strategies 152. http://www.bmz.de/en/publications/topics/environment/konzept152.pdf. Accessed 22 July 2013
  2. BMZ (Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung) (2007) Sustainable Energy for Development. Sector Strategy Paper. Strategies 154. http://www.bmz.de/en/publications/type_of_publication/strategies/konzept154.pdf. Accessed 22 July 2013
  3. Cernea MM (2003) for a new economics of resettlement: a sociological critique of the compensation principle. Int Soc Sci J, no 175. UNESCO, Blackwell, ParisGoogle Scholar
  4. Cernea MM, Mathur HM (2008) Can compensation prevent impoverishment? Reforming resettlement through investment and benefit-sharing. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. Égré D (2007) UNEP Dams and Development Project: compendium on relevant practices, 2nd stage. Revised final report, benefit-sharing issue. UNEPGoogle Scholar
  6. Égré D, Roquet V, Durocher C (2002) Benefit sharing from dam projects. Phase 1: desk study, final report. World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. EU Linking Directive 2004/101/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 October 2004 amending Directive 2003/87/EC establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community, in respect of the Kyoto Protocol’s project mechanismsGoogle Scholar
  8. Fink M, Cramer A (2008) Towards implementation of the World Commission on Dams Recommendations. Experiences and reflections after 5 years. In: Scheumann W et al (eds) Water politics and development cooperation. Local power plays and global water governance. Springer, Berlin, pp 33–53Google Scholar
  9. GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit) (2001) Dialogforum zum Bericht der World Commission on Dams. http://www2.gtz.de/dokumente/bib/02-5051.pdf. Accessed 22 July 2013
  10. GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit), KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau) (2004) Implementation of the WCD recommendations within German Development Cooperation Experiences of GTZ and KfW. https://www.kfw-entwicklungsbank.de/Download-Center/PDF-Dokumente-Sektoren-Berichte/2004_06_WCD-Staud%C3%A4mme_E.pdf. Accessed 22 July 2013
  11. Hartje V, Horstmann K (1999) Dams and development co-operation. Experiences and perspectives in German development co-operation with selected topics. Berlin, DortmundGoogle Scholar
  12. Hensengerth O, Dombrowsky I, Scheumann W (2012) Benefit-Sharing in Dam Projects on Shared Rivers. Discussion Paper 5. German Development Institute, BonnGoogle Scholar
  13. IHA (International Hydropower Association) (2011) Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol: Terms and Conditions for Use. http://www.hydrosustainability.org/IHAHydro4Life/media/PDFs/AssessmentReports/Hydropower-Sustainability-Assessment-Protocol_T-C_FINAL.pdf. Accessed 22 July 2013
  14. IHA (International Hydropower Association) (2010) Activity Report. http://www.hydropower.org/downloads/ActivityReports/IHA_Activity_Report_2010.pdf. Accessed 22 July 2013
  15. WCD (World Commission on Dams) (2000) Dams and development. A new framework for decision making. The Report of the World Commission on Dams. Earthscan Publ. Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. World Bank, OED (World Bank Operations Evaluation Department) (1996) The World Bank’s Experience With Large Dams. A Preliminary Review of Impacts, no 28695, 1. SeptemberGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirsten Nyman
    • 1
  • Klaus Horstmann
    • 2
  • Christiane Rudolph
    • 3
  1. 1.Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)BonnGermany
  2. 2.KfW Development BankFrankfurtGermany
  3. 3.German Investment and Development Company (DEG)CologneGermany

Personalised recommendations