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Light Management in Thin-Film Solar Cell

  • Janez Krč
  • Benjamin Lipovšek
  • Marko Topič
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 165)

Abstract

Employment of advanced light management techniques presents an important aspect in the design of thin-film solar cells. In this chapter, we highlight a number of light management approaches leading towards higher cell performances. Efficient light scattering within the cell, which can boost the photocurrent generation, can be achieved by optimised surface textures. Random textures and periodic textures for efficient light scattering are addressed. Besides surface texturing, the role of metal nanoparticles in thin-film solar cell structures is investigated in the scope of improved light trapping. To minimise optical losses, antireflective coatings and advanced back reflectors are employed. As examples, photonic crystal structures and diffusive dielectric materials are presented. And finally, better utilisation of the solar spectrum can be achieved by multi-bandgap multi-junction cells. For efficient spectrum harvesting, a concept of wavelength-selective intermediate reflectors is investigated. Further on, a concept of spectrum splitting and dislocated cells connected in a multi-terminal configuration is presented.

Keywords

Solar Cell Photonic Crystal Optical Loss Transparent Conductive Oxide Absorber Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Miro Zeman and other members of PVMD laboratory at DIMES Institute, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, for support on a–Si:H-based solar cell structures and for useful discussions. Takuji Oyama from Asahi Glass Corp., Japan, is acknowledged for support on double-textured TCO superstrates. Martina Schmid from Helmholz Zentrum Berlin, Germany, is acknowledged for useful discussions on chalcopyrite tandems. Finally, Slovenian Research Agency is acknowledged for funding related to this work (Project No. P2-0197 and J2-0851-1538-08).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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