Combustion Synthesis of Nanoparticles CeO2 and Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95

  • Sumittra Charojrochkul
  • Waraporn Nualpaeng
  • Navadol Laosiripojana
  • Suttichai Assabumrungrat


Ceria and Gd2O3 doped ceria nanoparticle powder has been fabricated using a combustion synthesis method for an application as an electrolyte for Intermediate Temperaure Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (ITSOFC). The nanoparticle powder is obtained when the processing parameters are optimized. Three different fuels i.e. urea, citric acid and glycine have been used for producing the nanoparticle powder of doped ceria. The produced particles have been characterized using SEM for the particle morphology, XRD for phase identification, and particle analysis for the particle size distribution and identification. In addition, these particles have shown good reforming activity, which provide an opportunity for this material not to be used only as an electrolyte but also as a support for the anode part of SOFC.


Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Combustion Synthesis Cerium Oxide Combustion Reaction Commercial Catalyst 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aranda A, López J et al (2009) Total oxidation of naphthalene with high selectivity using a ceria catalyst prepared by a combustion method employing ethylene. Journal of Hazardous Materials 171(1–3) 393–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barison S, Battagliarin M et al (2007) Novel Au/La1-xSrxMnO3 and Au/La1-xSrxCrO3 composites: Catalytic activity for propane partial oxidation and reforming. Solid State Ionics 177(39–40): 3473–3484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Biswas M, Prabhakaran et al (2007) Synthesis of nanocrystalline yttria doped ceria powder by urea-formaldehyde polymer gel auto-combustion process. Materials Research Bulletin 42(4) 609–617.Google Scholar
  4. Charojrochkul S, Nualpang W et al (2008) Combustion Synthesis of Doped Ceria Multioxide for Use as an Electrolyte for SOFCs, the 8th European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum, 30 June – 4 July, 2008, Lucerne, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  5. Chen W, Li F et al (2006) A facile and novel route to high surface are ceria-based nanopowders by salt-assisted solution combustion synthesis. Materials Science and Engineering:B 133 (1–3) 151–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chinarro E, Jurado J et al (2007) Synthesis of ceria-based electrolyte nanometric powders by urea-combustion technique. Journal of the European Ceramic Society 27(13–15) 3619–3623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fornasiero P, Balducci G et al (1996) Modification of the redox behaviour of CeO2 induced by structural doping with ZrO2. Journal of Catalysis 164(1) 173–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Godinho MJ, Gonçalves RF et al (2007) Room temperature co-precipitation of nanocrystalline CeO2 and Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9-powder. Materials Letters 61: 1904–1907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hennings U, Reimert R (2007) Investigation of the structure and the redox behavior of gadolinium doped ceria to select a suitable composition for use as catalyst support in the steam reforming of natural gas. Applied Catalysis A: General 325(1): 41–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hwang C, Huang T (2006) Combustion synthesis of nanocrystalline ceria (CeO2) powders by a dry route. Materials Science and Engineering:B 132 (3) 229–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Laosiripojana N, Assabumrungrat S (2005) Methane steam reforming over Ni/Ce-ZrO2 catalyst: Influences of Ce-ZrO2 support on reactivity, resistance toward carbon formation, and intrinsic reaction kinetics. Applied Catalysis A: General 290 (12): 200–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Laosiripojana N, Assabumrungrat S (2006) Catalytic steam reforming of ethanol over high surface area CeO2: The role of CeO2 as an internal pre-reforming catalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 66 (12): 29–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Laosiripojana N, Assabumrungrat S (2006) The effect of specific surface area on the activity of nano-scale ceria catalysts for methanol decomposition with and without steam at SOFC operating temperatures, Chemical Engineering Science 61 (8): 2540–2549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lenka RK, Mahata T et al (2008) Combustion synthesis of gadolinia-doped ceria using glycine and urea fuels. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 466 (12): 326–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mahata T, Das G et al (2005) Combustion synthesis of gadolinia doped ceria powder. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 391(1–2) 129–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nualpang W, Laosiripojana N et al (2008) Combustion synthesis of Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 for use as an electrolyte for SOFCs. Journal of Metal, Materials and Minerals 18: 219–222Google Scholar
  17. Patil KC, Aruna ST et al (2002) Combustion synthesis: an update, Current. Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science 6 (6): 507–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pino L, Vita A et al (2006) Performance of Pt/CeO2 catalyst for propane oxidative steam reforming. Applied Catalysis A: General 306: 68–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ramirez-Cabrera E, Atkinson A et al (2002) Reactivity of ceria, Gd- and Nb-doped ceria to methane. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 36 (3): 193–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sauvet AL, Fouletier J (2001) Catalytic properties of new anode materials for solid oxide fuel cells operated under methane at intermediary temperature. Journal of Power Sources 101 (2): 259–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Skinner SJ, Kilner JA (2003) Oxygen ion conductors. Materials Today 6 (3): 30–37. Xu H, Yan H et al (2008) Preparation and properties of Y3+ and Ca2+ co-doped ceria electrolyte materials for ITSOFC. Solid State Sciences 10(9) 1179–1184.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sumittra Charojrochkul
    • 1
  • Waraporn Nualpaeng
    • 2
    • 4
  • Navadol Laosiripojana
    • 2
  • Suttichai Assabumrungrat
    • 3
  1. 1.National Metal and Materials Technology Center, Thailand Science ParkPathumthaniThailand
  2. 2.The Joint Graduate School in Energy and EnvironmentBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Dept. of Chemical EngineeringChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  4. 4.National Nanotechnology Center, Thailand Science ParkPathumthaniThailand

Personalised recommendations