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Cultured and Uncultured Fungal Diversity in Deep-Sea Environments

  • Takahiko Nagahama
  • Yuriko Nagano
Part of the Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology book series (PMSB, volume 53)

Abstract

The importance of fungi found in deep-sea extreme environments is becoming increasingly recognized. In this chapter, current scientific findings on the fungal diversity in several deep-sea environments by conventional culture and culture-independent methods are reviewed and discussed, primarily focused on culture-independent approaches. Fungal species detected by conventional culture methods mostly belonged to Ascomycota and Basidiomycota phyla. Culture-independent approaches have revealed the presence of highly novel fungal phylotypes, including new taxonomic groups placed in deep branches within the phylum Chytridiomycota and unknown ancient fungal groups. Future attempts to culture these unknown fungal groups may provide key insights into the early evolution of fungi and their ecological and physiological significance in deep-sea environments.

Keywords

Fungal Community Fungal Diversity Hydrothermal Vent Fungal Taxon Gravity Corer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food and NutritionHigashi-Chikushi Junior CollegeKitakyusyuJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Biogeosciences, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)YokosukaJapan

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