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Biotechnology of Marine Fungi

  • Samir Damare
  • Purnima Singh
  • Seshagiri Raghukumar
Part of the Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology book series (PMSB, volume 53)

Abstract

Filamentous fungi are the most widely used eukaryotes in industrial and pharmaceutical applications. Their biotechnological uses include the production of enzymes, vitamins, polysaccharides, pigments, lipids and others. Marine fungi are a still relatively unexplored group in biotechnology. Taxonomic and habitat diversity form the basis for exploration of marine fungal biotechnology. This review covers what is known of the potential applications of obligate and marine-derived fungi obtained from coastal to the oceanic and shallow water to the deep-sea habitats. Recent studies indicate that marine fungi are potential candidates for novel enzymes, bioremediation, biosurfactants, polysaccharides, polyunsaturated fatty acids and secondary metabolites. Future studies that focus on culturing rare and novel marine fungi, combined with knowledge of their physiology and biochemistry will provide a firm basis for marine mycotechnology.

Keywords

Coral Reef Endophytic Fungus Marine Fungus Marine Microorganism Terrestrial Fungus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author is thankful to Director, NIO, for the support for the research work. The second author wishes to acknowledge UGC for the Research Fellowship provided to carry out the work. This is NIO’s contribution number 5012.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samir Damare
    • 1
  • Purnima Singh
    • 1
  • Seshagiri Raghukumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Marine Biotechnology LaboratoryCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyDona PaulaIndia
  2. 2.Myko Tech Private LimitedDona PaulaIndia

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