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Diversity and Distribution of Marine Fungi on Rhizophora spp. in Mangroves

  • Vemuri Venkateswara Sarma
Chapter
Part of the Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology book series (PMSB, volume 53)

Abstract

Rhizophora spp. occurring in mangrove habitats are excellent hosts for marine fungi. The morphological adaptations of this host plant provide suitable niche for the marine fungi. This review deals with diversity and ecology of marine fungi occurring on Rhizophora spp. Two hundred and one fungal species have been recorded on Rhizophora plant species consisting of more than ten fungal species specific to this host. In mangroves, no other genus other than Rhizophora accommodates as many as 201 marine fungi. Rhizophora plant species are highly suitable hosts as they show a variety of niches with vertical zonation, specificity, preferential colonization and succession. Thus this host could be considered as one of the important hosts to investigate marine fungi. The current review provides updated information based on the available literature with checklists on diversity and distribution of fungi on Rhizophora spp.

Keywords

Fruit Body Fungal Diversity Marine Fungus Mangrove Plant South East Asian Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank Prof. BPR Vittal, CAS in Botany, University of Madras, Chennai, India; Dr. S Raghukumar, MykoTech Pvt. Ltd. 313, Vainguinnim Valley, Dona Paula, Goa - 403 004, India, for encouragement. Prof. EBG Jones of Biotech, Thailand, for generously providing me copies of some of his invaluable publications, for his suggestions and encouragement.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, School of Life SciencesPondicherry UniversityKalapetIndia

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