Energy Trade and WTO Rules: Reflexions on Sovereignty over Natural Resources, Export Restrictions and Freedom of Transit
“WTO and energy” has become a fashionable topic. Various key energy-exporting or transit countries have recently acceded to the WTO, bringing with them a substantial part of energy trade, and others are currently negotiating their accession. Unbundling of vertically integrated state-owned companies and technological developments have created room for private operators, which has boosted negotiations on energy services. More recently, the interface between trade and climate policies, as well as concerns surrounding energy security have also contributed to raise the profile of energy-related issues in the WTO.
KeywordsWorld Trade Organization North American Free Trade Agreement Export Restriction Energy Trade Trade Facilitation
Views and opinions expressed in this paper are personal and cannot be attributed to WTO Members or the WTO Secretariat. I want to thank Gabrielle Marceau for her useful comments on this paper.