Advertisement

Unity Is Strength: The Power of Border Cells and Border-Like Cells in Relation with Plant Defense

  • Azeddine Driouich
  • Marc-Antoine Cannesan
  • Flavien Dardelle
  • Caroline Durand
  • Barbara Plancot
  • Sophie Bernard
  • Marie-Laure Follet-Gueye
  • Maïté Vicré-Gibouin
Chapter
Part of the Signaling and Communication in Plants book series (SIGCOMM, volume 12)

Abstract

Production and release of root border cells and border-like cells are fundamental processes for plant survival and development. Both types of cells are viable components of the root system that regulate its interactions with living microorganisms of the rhizosphere. Border cells are released as individual cells, whereas border-like cells remain attached to each other into small groups or as sheets after their release from the root tip. So far, border-like cells have been observed only in species belonging to the Brassicaceae family including Arabidopsis. Border cells have been largely studied in the legume species pea; in contrast, relatively little information is available on border-like cells so far due to their recent discovery. In this chapter, we present and discuss the release, organization, and the role of these cells in root protection.

If you want to go far and win the battle of your lives, stay together, stay strong, unite peacefully for the interest of your people....vous savez bien que l’union fait la force!” A highly respected man.

Keywords

Border Cell Root Apical Meristem Root Border Cell Root Mucilage Auxin Responsive Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

“I dedicate this chapter to Pr. I. El Hadrami, my friend and collaborator from the University of Marrakech (Morocco), with whom I have just started a collaborative program on the role of date palm root cells (including border cells) in defense against the bayoud disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum. He tragically passed away on November 24, 2010 in a car accident. I’ll never forget his enthusiastic smile when discussing an exciting research idea.” A.D

Research on plant roots and crop protection in A. D laboratory is supported by le “Grand Réseau Régional de Haute Normandie ‘Végétal-Agronomie et Transformation des Agro-ressources” and the University of Rouen.

References

  1. Aida M, Beis D, Heidstra R, Willemsen V, Blilou I, Galinha C, Nussaume L, Noh YS, Amasino R, Scheres B (2004) The PLETHORA genes mediate patterning of the Arabidopsis root stem cell niche. Cell 119:109–120PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allesen-Holm M, Barken KB, Yang L, Klausen M, Webb JS, Kjelleberg S, Molin S, Givskov M, Tolker-Nielsen T (2006) A characterization of the DNA release in Pseudomonas aeruginosa cultures and biofilms. Mol Microbiol 59:1114–1128PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bacic A, Moody SF, Clarke AE (1986) Structural analysis of secreted root slime from maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Physiol 80:771–777PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boutilier K, Offringa R, Sharma VK, Kieft H, Ouellet T, Zhang L, Hattori J, Liu CM, Van Lammeren AA, Miki BL, Custers JB, van Lookeren Campagne MM (2002) Ectopic expression of BABY BOOM triggers a conversion from vegetative to embryonic growth. Plant Cell 14:1737–1749PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bradley DJ, Kjellbom P, Lamb CJ (1992) Elicitor- and wound-induced oxidative cross-linking of a proline-rich plant cell wall protein: a novel, rapid defense response. Cell 70:21–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brady JD, Fry SC (1997) Formation of di-isodityrosine and loss of isodityrosine in the cell walls of tomato tell-suspension cultures treated with Funga1 Elicitors or H2O2. Plant Physiol 115:87–92PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Brigham LA, Woo HH, Wen F, Hawes MC (1998) Meristem-specific suppression of mitosis and a global switch in gene expression in the root cap of pea by endogenous signals. Plant Physiol 118:1223–1231PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cannesan MA, Gangneux C, Lanoue A, Giron D, Laval K, Hawes M, Driouich A, Vicré-Gibouin M (2011) Association between border cell responses and localized root infection by pathogenic Aphanomyces euteiches. Ann Bot 108:459–69Google Scholar
  9. Cavalier DM, Lerouxel O, Neumetzler L, Yamauchi K, Reinecke A, Freshour G, Zabotina OA, Hahn MG, Burgert I, Pauly M, Raikhel NV, Keegstra K (2008) Disrupting two Arabidopsis thaliana xylosyltransferase genes results in plants deficient in xyloglucan, a major primary cell wall component. Plant Cell 20:1519–1537PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chaboud A, Rougier M (1984) Identification and localization of sugar components of rice (Oryza sativa L.) root cap mucilage. J Plant Physiol 116:323–330PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chapman K, Groot EP, Nichol S, Rost TL (2003) The pattern of root apical meristem organization and primary root determinate growth are coupled. J Plant Growth Regul 21:287–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Curlango-Rivera R, Duclos DV, Ebolo JJ, Hawes MC (2010) Transient exposure of root tips to primary and secondary metabolites: Impact on root growth and production of border cells. Plant Soil 306:206–216Google Scholar
  13. Darwin CR (1880) The power of movement in plants. John Murray, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. Davey ME, O’toole GA (2000) Microbial biofilms: from ecology to molecular genetics. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 64:847–867PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. De-la-Peña C, Lei Z, Watson BS, Sumner LW, Vivanco JM (2008) Root-microbe communication through protein secretion. J Biol Chem 283:25247–25255PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Driouich A, Durand C, Vicré-Gibouin M (2007) Formation and separation of root border cells. Trends Plant Sci 12:14–19PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Driouich A, Durand C, Cannesan MA, Percoco G, Vicré-Gibouin M (2010) Border cells versus border-like cells: are they alike? J Exp Bot 61:3827–3831PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Durand C, Vicré-Gibouin M, Follet-Gueye ML, Duponchel L, Moreau M, Lerouge P, Driouich A (2009) The organization pattern of root border-like cells of Arabidopsis is dependent on cell wall homogalacturonan. Plant Physiol 150:1411–1421PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Esquerré-Tugayé MT, Lamport DTA (1979) Cell surfaces in plant-microorganism interactions: I. A structural investigation of cell wall hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins which accumulate in fungus-infected plants. Plant Physiol 64:314–319PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fahy JV, Steiger DJ, Liu J, Basbaum CB, Finkbeiner WE, Boushey HA (1993) Markers of mucus secretion and DNA levels in induced sputum from asthmatic and from healthy subjects. Am Rev Respir Dis 147:1132–1137PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Fuller VL, Lilley CJ, Urwin PE (2008) Nematode resistance. New Phytol 180:27–44PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Goldberg NP, Hawes MC, Stanghellini ME (1989) Specific attraction to and infection of cotton root cap cells by zoospores of Pythium dissotocum. Can J Bot 67:1760–1767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Groot EP, Doyle JA, Nichol SA, Rost TL (2004) Phylogenetic distribution and evolution of root apical meristem organization in dicotyledonous angiosperms. Int J Plant Sci 165:97–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Guimarães-Costa AB, Nascimento MT, Froment GS, Soares RP, Morgado FN, Conceição-Silva F, Saraiva EM (2009) Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes induce and are killed by neutrophil extracellular traps. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106:6748–6753PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gunawardena U, Hawes MC (2002) Tissue specific localization of root infection by fungal pathogens: role of root border cells. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 15:1128–1136PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gunawardena U, Rodriguez M, Straney D, Romeo JT, VanEtten HD, Hawes MC (2005) Tissue-specific localization of pea root infection by Nectria haematococca. Mechanisms and consequences. Plant Physiol 137:1363–1374PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hamamoto L, Hawes MC, Rost TL (2006) The production and release of living root cap border cells is a function of root apical meristem type in dicotyledonous angiosperm plants. Ann Bot 97:917–923PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hawes MC, Gunawardena U, Miyasaka S, Zhao X (2000) The role of root border cells in plant defense. Trends Plant Sci 5:128–133PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hawes MC, Bengough G, Cassab G, Ponce G (2003) Root caps and rhizosphere. J Plant Growth Regul 21:352–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Knee EM, Gong FC, Gao M, Teplitski M, Jones AR, Foxworthy A, Mort AJ, Bauer WD (2001) Root mucilage from pea and its utilization by rhizosphere bacteria as a sole carbon source. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 14:775–784PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lilley CJ, Wang D, Atkinson HJ, Urwin PE (2010) Effective delivery of a nematode-repellent peptide using a root-cap-specific promoter. Plant Biotechnol J 9:151–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Liu B, Hibbard JK, Urwin PE, Atkinson HJ (2005) The production of synthetic chemodisruptive peptides in planta disrupts the establishment of cyst nematode. Plant Biotechnol J 3:487–496PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Madson M, Dunand C, Li X, Verma R, Vanzin GF, Caplan J, Shoue DA, Carpita NC, Reiter WD (2003) The MUR3 gene of Arabidopsis encodes a xyloglucan galactosyltransferase that is evolutionarily related to animal exostosins. Plant Cell 7:1662–1670Google Scholar
  34. Merkouropoulos G, Shirsat AH (2003) The unusual Arabidopsis extensin gene atext1 is expressed throughout plant development and is induced by a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses. Planta 217:356–366PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Miyasaka SC, Hawes MC (2001) Possible role of root border cells in detection and avoidance of aluminium toxicity. Plant Physiol 125:1978–1987PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Vanzin GF, Madson M, Carpita NC, Raikhel NV, Keegstra K, Reiter WD (2002) The mur2 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana lacks fucosylated xyloglucan because of a lesion in fucosyltransferase AtFUT1. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99:3340–3345PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Vermeer J, Mc Cully ME (1982) The rhizosphere in Zea: new insights into its structure and development. Planta 156:45–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Vicré M, Santaella C, Blanchet S, Gateau A, Driouich A (2005) Root border-like cells of Arabidopsis. Microscopical characterization and role in the interaction with rhizobacteria. Plant Physiol 138:998–1008PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wartha F, Beiter K, Normark S, Henriques-Normark B (2007) Neutrophil extracellular traps: casting the NET over pathogenesis. Curr Opin Microbiol 10:52–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wen F, Curlango-Rivera G, Hawes MC (2007) Proteins among the polysaccharides. A new perspective on root cap slime. Plant Sign Behav 2:410–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wen F, White GJ, VanEtten HD, Xiong Z, Hawes MC (2009) Extracellular DNA is required for root tip resistance to fungal infection. Plant Physiol 151:820–829PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Willemsen V, Bauch M, Bennett T, Campilho A, Wolkenfelt H, Xu J, Haseloff J, Scheres B (2008) The NAC domain transcription factors FEZ and SOMBRERO control the orientation of cell division plane in Arabidopsis root stem cells. Dev Cell 15:913–922PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azeddine Driouich
    • 1
  • Marc-Antoine Cannesan
    • 1
  • Flavien Dardelle
    • 1
  • Caroline Durand
    • 1
  • Barbara Plancot
    • 1
  • Sophie Bernard
    • 1
  • Marie-Laure Follet-Gueye
    • 1
  • Maïté Vicré-Gibouin
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Glycobiologie et Matrice Extracellulaire Végétale, IFRMP 23, Plate-forme de recherche en imagerie cellulaire de Haute-NormandieUniversité de RouenMont Saint Aignan CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations