Ant-CAMP: Ant Based Congestion Adaptive Multi-Path Routing Protocol for Wireless Networks
The advent of mobile computing devices and wide deployment of wireless networks have led to an exponential increase in the internet traffic. Long congestion epochs and frequent link failures in wireless network lead to more number of packets being dropped and incur high end-to-end delay, thereby degrading the overall performance of the network. Congestion control, though mainly incorporated at the transport layer, if coupled with the routing protocols, can significantly improve overall performance of the network. In this paper we propose Ant based Congestion Adaptive Multipath (Ant-CAMP) routing protocol that aims to avoid congestion by proactively sending congestion notification to the sender. The proposed Ant-CAMP routing protocol is implemented in Network Simulator-2 (NS-2) and its performance is compared with Ad-hoc On Demand Multi-Path Distance Vector (AOMDV) in terms of Packet Drops due to Congestion, Packet Delivery Fraction and Average End-to-End Delay.
KeywordsAnt Colony Optimization Congestion Control End-to-End Delay Multi-Path Routing Protocols Packet Delivery Fraction
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