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Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Endocrine Disrupters on Cerebral Cortex Development

  • Anne-Simone ParentEmail author
  • Elise Naveau
  • Jean-Pierre Bourguignon
Chapter
Part of the Research and Perspectives in Endocrine Interactions book series (RPEI)

Abstract

For several decades, the focus of most studies on endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has been the reproductive system, with fertility and hormone-dependent cancers being the most critical issues. Cerebral cortex development is very sensitive to hormonal environment, in particular thyroid hormones and sex steroids. Experimental data concerning early exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) illustrate the detrimental effect of endocrine disrupters on the central nervous system. While epidemiological studies have reported a negative correlation between prenatal exposure to PCBs and cognitive performances, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of such neurotoxicity are incompletely understood. This paper will review the role of thyroid hormones and sex steroids in cerebral cortex development and will illustrate, with PCBs and bisphenol A, the potential effects of EDCs on cerebral cortex development.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne-Simone Parent
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elise Naveau
    • 1
  • Jean-Pierre Bourguignon
    • 1
  1. 1.Developmental Neuroendocrinology Unit, GIGA-NeurosciencesUniversity of LiègeLiègeBelgium

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