Skip to main content

Combined Course Programmes Generation in Multi-agent e-Learning System Using Policy-Based HTN Planning

  • Conference paper
  • 1631 Accesses

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNAI,volume 6682)

Abstract

As integration processes have been intensified in the area of higher education, they should be supported by information technologies. A Combined Course Programmes (CCP) generation mechanism based on HTN planning was developed for a multi-agent system, managing the distributed e-Learning environment. The limitations of HTN planning were overcome by XACML policy language, that was used for specification of preconditions. This improves the expressiveness and facilitates planning in a multi-domain environment supported by different experts. In order to improve the effectiveness of HTN planning in the multi-domain hierarchical environment, a domain refinement technique was designed. Its efficiency gains were confirmed by experiments.

Keywords

  • Multi-agent e-Learning system
  • Hierarchical Task Network (HTN) planning
  • policy specification language
  • refinement search

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-22000-5_52
  • Chapter length: 10 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-22000-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   159.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. AlZahrani, S., Ayesh, A., Zedan, H.: Multi-agent System Based Regional Data Grid. In: Int. Conf. on Computer Engineering & Systems, ICCES (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Erol, K.: HTN planning: Formalization, Analysis, and Implementation. Ph.D. thesis, University of Maryland, Computer Science Department (1995)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Moses, T. (ed.): eXtensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML) Version 2.0. OASIS Standard, XACML TC (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Nau, D., Ghallab, M., Traverso, P.: Automated Planning: Theory & Practice. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., San Francisco (2004)

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  5. Nau, D., Ilghami, O., Kuter, U., Murdock, J.W., Wu, D., Yaman, F.: Shop2: An HTN Planning System. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 20, 379–404 (2003)

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  6. Nau, D.S., Smith, S.J., Erol, K.: Control Strategies in HTN Planning: Theory Versus Practice. In: Proceedings of AAAI 1998/IAAI 1998, pp. 1127–1133. AAAI Press, Menlo Park (1998)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Nikolaev, P., Ayesh, A., Zedan, H.: Combined Course Programmes Support System. In: 2nd Creativity, Innovation and Software Engineering Conference (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  8. Sloman, M.: Policy Driven Management for Distributed Systems. Journal of Network and Systems Management 2, 333–360 (1994)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. Tsuneto, R., Nau, D.S., Hendler, J.A.: Plan-Refinement Strategies and Search-Space Size. In: ECP, pp. 414–426 (1997)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this paper

Cite this paper

Nikolaev, P., Ayesh, A. (2011). Combined Course Programmes Generation in Multi-agent e-Learning System Using Policy-Based HTN Planning. In: O’Shea, J., Nguyen, N.T., Crockett, K., Howlett, R.J., Jain, L.C. (eds) Agent and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications. KES-AMSTA 2011. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 6682. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22000-5_52

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22000-5_52

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-21999-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-22000-5

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)