2D vs. 3D Pain Visualization: User Preferences in a Spinal Cord Injury Cohort

  • Fotios Spyridonis
  • Gheorghita Ghinea
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6769)


Research on pain experienced after Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) has revealed that not only are there several types of pain present in the same individual with this kind of trauma, but also that people who suffer such an injury can describe the characteristics of the same type of pain in different ways. Making it possible, therefore, to more precisely describe pain experience could prove to be vital for an increased quality of life. Accordingly, fifteen individuals with pain after SCI were asked to describe their pain experience using a 3 Dimensional (3D) model of the human body that could be used as an aid in communicating their pain. The results of this study suggest that the consensus of the participants approved the ability of the 3D model to more accurately describe their pain, an encouraging outcome towards the use of 3D technology in support of post SCI pain rehabilitation.


Rehabilitation Chronic Pain Spinal Cord Injury 3D Visualization Pain Drawing 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fotios Spyridonis
    • 1
  • Gheorghita Ghinea
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information Systems and ComputingBrunel UniversityUxbridgeUK

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