Transforming Enterprise Architecture Models: An Artificial Ontology View

  • Sandeep Purao
  • Richard Martin
  • Edward Robertson
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6741)


Enterprise Architecture (EA) is, by definition, an artificial construct. It includes conceptual objects and attributes created for human purposes. EA models, therefore, require an ontological foundation that goes beyond the ‘furniture of the world’ metaphor. We develop an argument that supports this premise, and demonstrate how the perspective can help us understand operations on EA models. The paper demonstrates these operations with an example and briefly points to formalization efforts detailed elsewhere. The paper concludes with implications for research and practice.


Enterprise Architecture Artificial Ontology Operations 


  1. 1.
    Bunge, M.: Ontology: the furniture of the world. Springer, Heidelberg (1977)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    DoD Deputy Chief Information Officer (2010), DODAF Overview and Supporting Materials, (retrieved May 3, 2010)
  3. 3.
    Grossman, I., Application of the NOAA Federated IT Enterprise Architecture Process. Government Enterprise Architecture Conference, June 2003. Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hevner, A., et al.: Design Science Research in Information Systems. MIS Quarterly 28(1), 75–105 (2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    ISO 2000. International Organization for Standardization: Industrial Automation Systems - Requirements for Enterprise–Reference Architecture and Methodologies, ISO 15704:2000 (2000),
  6. 6.
    ISO 2006. International Organization for Standardization: Enterprise integration – framework for enterprise modeling, ISO 19439:2006 (2006),
  7. 7.
    ISO 2010 International Organization for Standardization: Systems and Software Engineering - Architecture Description (ISO/IEC CD1 42010) (2010), (draft version of January 2010)
  8. 8.
    March, S., Allen, G.: Challenges in Requirements Engineering: A Research Agenda for Conceptual Modeling. In: Design Requirements Workshop, Cleveland, OH, USA, June 3-6 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Martin, R., Robertson, E.: Meta-matters. In: International Conference on Information Resources Management, Niagara Falls, Ontario (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Martin, R., Robertson, E., Purao, S.: Tracking Transformations in Enterprise Architecture Development. Working Paper (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    McGann, T., Lyytinen, K.: How Information Systems Evolve by and for Use, Case Western Reserve University, USA. Sprouts: Working Papers on Information Systems 5(15) (2005),
  12. 12.
    Ross, J., Weill, P., Robertson, D.: Enterprise Architecture as Strategy. Harvard Business Press, Boston (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schekkerman, J.: Enterprise Architecture Good Practices Guide: How to Manage the Enterprise Architecture Practice. Trafford Publishing (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sessions, R., A comparison of top four enterprise integration methodologies (2007), (retrieved 3 May 3, 2010)
  15. 15.
    Smolander, K., Rossi, M., Purao, S.: Software architectures: Blueprint, literature, language or decision? European Journal of Information Systems, 114 (2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wand, Y., Weber, R.: An ontological model of an information system. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering 16(11), 1282–1292 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wand, Y., Weber, R.: Research Commentary: Information Systems and Conceptual Modeling – A Research Agenda. Information Systems Research 13(4), 363–376 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zachman, J.: A framework for information systems architecture. IBM Systems Journal 26(3) (1987)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandeep Purao
    • 1
  • Richard Martin
    • 2
  • Edward Robertson
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Information Sciences & TechnologyPennsylvania State UniversityU.S.
  2. 2.Tinwisle Corp.BloomingtonUSA
  3. 3.Indiana University and Persistent Systems Inc.USA

Personalised recommendations