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Gossypium

  • Chandrakanth EmaniEmail author
Chapter
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Abstract

The genus Gossypium comprises 51 species categorized into ten genomic groups with only four cultivated species. Cotton that belongs to family Malvaceae of this genus is a global economically important crop. The wealth of wild Gossypium relatives has for long been utilized by breeders to transfer useful traits from Old World diploids to cultivar tetraploids to produce valuable interspecific hybrids and recombinants. The incompatibility barriers encountered by classical breeders were overcome through molecular breeding, tissue culture, and more recently by genetic transformation and extensive sequencing of the Gossypium genomes. The present review comprehensively explores the strategic exploitation of the wealth of wild relatives of cotton for cotton improvement. Starting with the basic botany of the species, the review explores the evolution of allied cultivars, the classical and molecular techniques in exploiting the wild germplasm and concludes with a future roadmap of continuing collaborative technology advances for worldwide cotton improvement.

Keywords

Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Cotton Fiber Amplify Fragment Length Polymorphism Cotton Genome Cotton Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyWestern Kentucky UniversityOwensboroUSA

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