Advertisement

Lesefähigkeit bei AMD

  • Susanne Trauzettel-Klosinski
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Der Verlust der Lesefähigkeit wird von Patienten mit AMD als wesentlichste Beeinträchtigung erlebt. Die Lesefähigkeit ist von großer Bedeutung für eine selbständige Lebensführung und die allgemeine Lebensqualität. Der Erhalt der Lesefähigkeit ist deshalb ein Schwerpunkt der Rehabilitation der Patienten mit AMD. Wegen der Zunahme der AMD wird der Bedarf an Rehabilitationsmaßnahmen in den nächsten Jahren weiter steigen [10, 18, 25].

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. [1]
    Altpeter E, Mackeben M, Trauzettel-Klosinski S (2000) The importance of sustained attention for patients with maculopathies. Vision Res 40: 1539-1547PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Aulhorn E (1953) Über Fixationsbreite und Fixationsfrequenz beim Lesen gerichteter Konturen. Pflügers Arch Physiol 257: 318-328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Aulhorn E (1975) Die Gesichtsfeldprüfung bei makularen Erkrankungen. In: Ber. 73. Zusammenk. der DOG Heidelberg 1973. Bergmann, München, S 77-86Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Crossland MD, Culham LE, Rubin GS (2004) Fixation stability and reading speed in patients with newly developed macular disease. Ophthal Physiol Opt 24: 327-333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Fletcher D, Schuchard R (1997) Preferred retinal loci: relationship to macular scotomas in a low vision population. Ophthalmology 104: 632-638PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Guez J-E, Le Gargasson J-F, Rigaudiere F, O`Regan JK (1993) Is there a systematic location for the pseudo - fovea in patients with central scotoma ? Vision Res 33: 1271-1279PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Hahn GA, Penka D, Gehrlich C, Messias A, Weismann M, Hyvärinen L, Leinonen M, Feely M, Rubin G, Dauxerre C, Vital-Durand F, , Featherston S, Dietz K, Trauzettel-Klosinski S (2006) New standardised texts for assessing reading performance in four European languages. Brit J Ophthalmol 90: 480-484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Hahn GA, Messias A, MacKeben M, Dietz K, Horwath K, Hyvärinen L, Leinonen M, Trauzettel-Klosinski S. (2009) Parafoveal letter recognition at reduced contrast in normal aging and in patients with risk factors for AMD. Graefe`s Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 247(1): 43-51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Horton HC, Hoyt WF (1991) The representation of the visual field in human striate cortex: a revision of the classic Holmes map. Arch Ophthalmol 109: 816-824PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Knauer C, Pfeiffer N (2006) Erblindung in Deutschland - heute und 2030. Ophthalmologe 103: 735-741PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Legge GE., Ahn SJ., Klitz TS., Luebker A. (1997) Psychphysics of reading. XVI. The visual span in normal and low vision. Vision Res 37: 1999-2010Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Mackeben M (2009) The role of focal sustained attention in macular scotoma. Neuro-Ophthalmology 33 (3): 127-131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Mackeben M, Colenbrander A, Gofen A (1999) Use your PC to quickly map remaining vision after foveal vision loss. In: Wild JM, Wall M (Hrsg.) Perimetry update 1998/1999. Kugler, Amsterdam: pp 307-316Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    McConkie GW, Rayner K (1975) The span of the effective stimulus during a fixation in reading. Perception & Psychophysics 17: 578-586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Messias A, Reinhard J, Cruz A, Dietz K, MacKeben M, Trauzettel-Klosinski S (2007) Eccentric fixation in Stargardt’s disease - assessed by Tuebingen Perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48 (12): 5815-5822PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Nguyen NX, Trauzettel-Klosinski S (2009) Effectiveness of low vision aids on reading ability in patients with age-related macular degeneration. Neuro-Ophthalmology 33 (3): 115-119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Nguyen NX, Stockum A, Hahn GA, Trauzettel-Klosinski S (2011) Training to improve reading speed in patients with iuvenile macular dystrophy: a randomized controlled study. Acta Ophthalmol 89 (1): e82-e88PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Nguyen NX, Weismann M, Trauzettel-Klosinski S (2008) Ophthalmologische und soziale Rehabilitation sehbehinderter Patienten: Eine retrospektive Analyse an der Tübinger Sehbehindertenambulanz im Zeitraum von 1999 bis 2005. Ophthalmologe 105: 563-569PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Nguyen NX, Weismann M, Trauzettel-Klosinski S (2009) Improvement of reading speed after providing of low vision aids in patients with age-related macular degeneration. Acta Ophthalmol 87: 849-853PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Nilsson UL, Frennesson C, Nilsson SEG (2003) Patients with AMD and a large absolute scotoma can be trained successfully to use eccentric viewing as demonstrated in a scanning laser ophthalmoscope. Vision Res 43: 1777-1787PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Rayner K Eye movements and the perceptual span in beginning and skilled readers. J Exp Child Psychol 41: 211-236 (1986).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Rubin G, Feely M (2009) The role of eye movements during reading in patients with age-related macular degneration (AMD) Neuro-Ophthalmology 33: 120-126Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Stelmack JA, Massof RW, Stelmack TR (2004) Is there a standard of care for eccentric viewing training ? Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 41: 729-738PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Trauzettel-Klosinski S (2009) Rehabilitation bei Sehbahnschäden. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilk 226: 897-907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Trauzettel-Klosinski S, Nguyen NX (2008) Steigender Bedarf an ophthalmologischer Rehabilitation. Augenspiegel 1: 32-35Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Trauzettel-Klosinski S, Teschner C, Tornow RP, Zrenner E (1994) Reading strategies in normal subjects and in patients with macular scotoma - assessed by two new methods of registration. Neuro- Ophthalmology 14: 15-30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Trauzettel-Klosinski S, Tornow RP (1996) Fixation behaviour and reading in macular scotoma - assessed by Tuebingen Manual Perimetry and SLO. Neuro-Ophthalmology 16: 241-253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Trauzettel-Klosinski S, Dietz K and the JReST study group (2011) Standardized assessment of reading performance: the new International Reading speed Texts JReST. JOVS, in reviewGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Wertheim T (1894) Über die indirekte Sehschärfe. Z Psychol 7: 172-187Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Trauzettel-Klosinski
    • 1
  1. 1.Klinik für AugenheilkundeUniversität TübingenTübingen

Personalised recommendations