Analyzing Energy Consumption of Machine Tool Spindle Units and Identification of Potential for Improvements of Efficiency

  • E. Abele
  • T. Sielaff
  • A. Schiffler
  • S. Rothenbücher
Conference paper


This paper describes the results of the analyses of a representative machine tool spindle unit and the thereof identified potentials for increasing the energy efficiency. This is done within the project “EnergieMSP”, whose aim it is to develop an energy optimized spindle unit with an adapted electric drive train. The holistic analysis of the system is done in a machine tool to determine the consumption of pressurized air, the energy demand for the tool change and hydraulic stand-by losses. The frictional losses in the bearings and rotary union and the electrical drive train where separately investigated at test benches.


Machine Tools Spindle Units Efficiency 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Council of the European Union, Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 6 July 2005 establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-using products and amending Council Directive 92/42/EEC and Directives 96/57/EC and 2000/55/EC of the European Parliament and the Council, Official Journal of the European Union, Brussels 22.07.2005.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schiefer, E. (1999): Analyses of the energy consumption of a Traub TNS 65/80D within the machining production of the Heidelberger Druck AG, PTW.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abele, E; Dervisopoulus, M.; Kuhrke, B. (2008): Schweiger, S. (Editor) Lebenszykluskosten optimieren Bedeutung und Anwendung von Lebeszykluskostenanalysen von Werkzeugmaschinen, Gabler, pp. 51-80.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kuhrke, B.; Erdle, F. (2010); Energieeffizienz als Investitionskriterium in Werkstatt und Betrieb 1, 2/2010.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Abele, E.; Kuhrke, B.; Rothenbücher,S. (2010): Entwicklungstrends zur Erhöhung der Energieeffizienz spanender Werkzeugmaschinen, in:1st International Colloquium of the Cluster of Excellence eniPROD, pp. 99-120.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gutowski, T., Dahmus, J., Thiriez, A. (2006) "ElectricalEnergy Requirements for Manufacturing Processes",Proceedings of the13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, May 31st-June2nd, 2006, Leuven, pp. 623-628.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dahmus, J., Gutowski, T. (2004) An environmental analysis of machining, Proceedings of IMECE2004, 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Expo, November 13-19, Anaheim,California USA.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    VDMA 24378 (2009): Prognose des Energieverbrauchs von Lackieranlagen (Entwurf), 03, 2009.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Abele, E.; Brecher, C.; Altintas, Y. (2010): Machine tool Spindle Units, in: CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp. 781-802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gebert, K. (1997): Ein Beitrag zur thermischen Modellierung von schnelldrehenden Motorspindeln. Dissertation TUDarmstadt.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Steinert, T. (1995): Das Reibmoment von Kugellagern mit bordgeführtem Käfig, Dissertation RWTH Aachen.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schroeder, D. (2009): Elektrische Antriebe – Regelung von Antriebssystemen, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Huber, W. (2010): Elektrische Verluste und Wirkungsgrade, in Elektronik Praxis, No.8 2010.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    VDI 2852: Kenngrößen numerisch gesteuerter Fertigungseinrichtungen; Span-zu-Span-Zeit bei Automatischen Werkzeugwechsel.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Diaz, N.; Helu, M.; Jarvis, A.; Tonissen, S.; Dornfeld, D.; Schlosser, R. (2009): Strategies for Minimum Energy Operation for Precision Machining. Proceedings of MTTRF 2009 Annual Meeting, Shanghai.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Abele
    • 1
  • T. Sielaff
    • 1
  • A. Schiffler
    • 1
  • S. Rothenbücher
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Production Management, Technology and Machine ToolsTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

Personalised recommendations