Sustainable Production by Integrating Business Models of Manufacturing and Recycling Industries

  • Christopher Jonsson
  • Johan Felix
  • Anders Sundelin
  • Björn Johansson
Conference paper


Future raw material shortage, high price levels and environmental regulations requires increased reuse of materials and components. This will substantially influence conditions for both manufacturing and recycling industries, which need to innovate their business models. Our hypothesis is that an integrated co-operation between organizations within these industries, employing symbiotic business models will increase the profitability and reduce the total environmental impact. Findings from interaction with manufacturing and recycling industries using a business model framework as baseline are presented. Results indicate that profit and decreased environmental effects can be achieved through symbiotic business models, but further development and implementation is needed.


Business Models Sustainable Production Industrial Ecology 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Osterwalder, A., Pigneur, Y. (2010): Business ModelGeneration: A Handbook for Visionaries, Game Changers,and Challengers. Modderman Drukwerk, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zott, C., Amit, R., Massa, L. (2010): The Business Model:Theoretical Roots, Recent Developments, and FutureResearch. IESE Business School, Madrid, Spain.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    DIRECTIVE 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and ofthe Council, on waste electrical and electronic equipment(WEEE), 18 September 2000.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    REFERO., accessed 2010-11-08.
  5. 5.
    Svensk avfallshantering (2010). Report (In Swedish) by AvfallSverige.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pongrácz, E. (2006) ”Industrial ecology and wastemanagement: from theories to applications”. Progress inIndustrial Ecology – An International Journal, vol. 3, Nos. 1/2.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ragnsells AB., accessed 2010-11-08.
  8. 8.
    SITA., accessed 2010-11-08.
  9. 9.
    Stena Metall AB., accessed 2010-11-08.
  10. 10.
    Stålkretsloppet., accessed 2010-11-08.
  11. 11.
    Cohen-Rosenthal, E. (2000) American Behavioral Scientist.Vol. 44 No. 2 (245-264)[12] Amaya, J., Zwolinski, P., Brissaud, D. (2010): EnvironmentalBenefits of Parts Remanufacturing: The Truck Injector Case.In: IMS Summer School on Sustainable Manufacturing, ETHZurich, May 26-28.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gehin A., Zwolinski P., Brissaud D. (2008): A tool toimplement sustainable end-of-life strategies in the productdevelopment phase, In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol16, No. 5, pp. 566-576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kvale, S. (1997): Den kvalitativa forskningsintervjun,Studentlitteratur AB, Stockholm, Sweden.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Jonsson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Johan Felix
    • 2
  • Anders Sundelin
    • 3
  • Björn Johansson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Product and Product DevelopmentChalmers University of TechnologyGothenburgSweden
  2. 2.CIT Recycling Development ABGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.CIP Professional Services ABGothenburgSweden

Personalised recommendations