Leveraging Manufacturing for a Sustainable Future

  • David Dornfeld
Conference paper


Manufacturing offers many opportunities for reducing environmental impact, utilizing resources more efficiently and, overall, greening the technology of production. These opportunities are most often related to process, machine or system improvements that impact only the operation of the process, machine or system. But, there is more potential in manufacturing enhancements to have a larger impact on the life cycle impact of the product the manufactured item is used in. This is referred to as “leveraging” and several examples of this are given, along with definitions of the fundamental terms. The potential for leveraging in manufacturing to have an impact on sustainable manufacturing and some future requirements are described.


Process Machine System Improvement Life Cycle Impact Make versus Use 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Brundtland Commission, i.e. World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) (1983).Google Scholar
  3. 3. cturing/how_doc_defines_SM.asp; accessed June 21, 2010.
  4. 4.
    Dornfeld, D. and Wright, P., (2007): “Technology Wedges for Implementing Green Manufacturing”, NAMRI Trans., 35, pp. 193-200.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pacala, S. and Socolow, R., (2004): “Stabilization Wedges: Solving the Climate Problem for the Next 50 Years with Current Technologies,” Science 13 August 2004: Vol. 305. no. 5686, pp. 968 – 972.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dornfeld, D., (2010): “Sustainable Manufacturing – Greening Processes, Systems and Products,” Proc. ICMC Sustainable Production for Resource Efficiency and Ecomobility, Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, September, 2010.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ehrlich, P. R. and Holdren, J. P. (1971): Impact of population growth, Science, 171, 1212-1217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Allwood, J., Cullen, J., and Milford, R. (2010): “Options for Achieving a 50% Cut in Industrial Carbon Emissions by 2050,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 44 (6), pp 1888–1894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Volkswagen AG, and Harald Florin, PE Europe/IKP-University of Stuttgart, Germany from a presentation of A. Horvath, UCBerkeley, 1995.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schweimer, G., and Levin, M., “Life Cycle Inventory for the Golf A4” posted on line at…/Golf_A4__Life_Cycle_Invento ry…/golfa4_ english.pdf; accessed 1/18/11.
  11. 11.
    Diaz, N., Choi, S., Helu, M., Chen, Y., Jayanathan, S., Yasui, Y., Kong, D., Pavanaskar, S., and Dornfeld, D. (2010): “Machine Tool Design and Operation Strategies for Green Manufacturing,” Proc. 4th CIRP International Conference on High Performance Cutting, Gifu, Japan.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mori, M. (2010): “Power consumption reduction of machine Tools,” présentation at 2010 CIRP General Assembly CWGEREEGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    August, Pisa.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Thompson, D. (1995): presentation at Symposium on Research Issues in Precision Manufacturing, Univ. of California, Berkeley, September, 1995.Google Scholar
  15. 15. - co2-released-by-aeroplane/; accessed 1/18/11.
  16. 16.
    Berger, K. (2005): Daimler, Presentation at CIRP January 2005 Meeting, WG on Burr Formation, Paris.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Dornfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Manufacturing and Sustainability (LMAS)University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUS

Personalised recommendations