Improving Product Design based on Energy Considerations
The industrial sector consumes a significant amount of the world’s energy supply; the rationalisation of energy consumption would provide the most effective method of reducing greenhouse gas emissions attributed to manufacturing and use of products. Energy consumed across the various stages of a product’s lifecycle varies significantly depending on the product design and its application. In non-energy using products such as furniture, food, and clothing, the material preparation and production phases represent a significant proportion of energy consumption over the product lifecycle. This paper proposes a new design methodology targeted at these products to minimise energy consumption during ‘production’ phase.
KeywordsEnergy Efficiency Design for the Environment Low Carbon Manufacturing
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.World Resource Institute (2005): Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 2005, Available at: http://www.wri.org/chart/worldgreenhouse - gas-emissions-2005, [Accessed 10 August 2009].
- 2.Otto, K. N. and Wood, K. L. (2001): Product Design - Techniques in Reverse Engineering and New Product Development, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.Google Scholar
- 3.Duflou, J. R. and Dewulf, J. (2004): Eco-Impact anticipation by Parametric Screening of Machine System Components, In Product Engineering (Eds, Talaba, D. and Roche, T.) Springer, Netherlands, pp. 17-30.Google Scholar
- 4.Lewis, H., Gertsakis, J., Grant, T., Morelli, N. and Sweatman, A. (2001): Design + Environment, Greenleaf, Sheffield.Google Scholar
- 6.Pugh, S. (1991): Total Design-Integrated Methods for Successful Product Engineering, Addision-Wesley Publishers, Essex, UK.Google Scholar
- 7.Hein, L. (1994): Design Methodology in Practice, Journal of Engineering Design, 5, (2).Google Scholar
- 8.Fiksel, J. R. (Ed.) (1996): Design for environment: creating eco-efficient products and processes, McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
- 9.Holt, R. and Barnes, C. (2009): Towards an integrated approach to “Design for X”: an agenda for decision-based DFX research, Research in Engineering Design.Google Scholar
- 10.Henstock, M. E. (1988) Design for Recyclability, Institute of Metals on behalf of the Material forum.Google Scholar
- 12.Alting, L. (1991): Life Cycle Design, Concurrent Engineering, 1, (6) 19-27.Google Scholar
- 14.Elkington, J. (1997): Cannibals with Forks: the triple bottom line of 21st century business, New Society, Gabriola Island.Google Scholar
- 15.Rose, C., Stevels, A. and Ishii, K. (2000) A new approach to end-of-life design advisor (ELDA): Proceedings of the 2000 IEEE international symposium on electronics and the environment, San Francisco, CA, pp. 99-104.Google Scholar
- 16.Guinée, J. B., Gorree, M., Heijungs, R., Huppes, G., Kleijn, R., van Oers, L. et al., (2002): Handbook on life cycle assessment-operational guide to the ISO standard-, Kluwer Academic Publishing., Dordrecht, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
- 17.McAloone, T. C. (2000): Industrial Application of Environmentally Concious Design, Professional EngineeringGoogle Scholar
- 18.Publishing, London.Google Scholar
- 19.Fitzgerald, D. P., Herrmann, J. W., Sandborn, P. A., Schimdt, L. C. and Gogoll, T. H. (2007): Design for Environment (DfE): Strategies, practices, guidelines, methods and tools, In Environmentally Conscious Mechanical Design(Ed, Kutz, M.) John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey.Google Scholar
- 22.Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, Ecoinvent, Available at: http://www.ecoinvent.ch/ [Accessed 8 June 2010].
- 23.Granta Design Ltd. (2010), Available at: http://www.grantadesign.com/ [Accessed 1 July 2010].
- 24.Optima Energy Management, Available at: http://www.optimaenergy.net/ [Accessed 20 April 2010].
- 28.Gutowski, T., J. Dahmus, and Thiriez, A., (2006): Electrical Energy Requirements for a Manufacturing Process. Proceedings of 13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Leuven, Belgium, 623-627.Google Scholar
- 30.Seow, Y. and Rahimifard, S., (2010): A Framework for Modelling Energy Consumption within Manufacturing Systems, Proceedings of 43rd CIRP International Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Vienna, Austria. pp. 222-227.Google Scholar
- 32.Ashby, M. F., Miller, A., Rutter, F., Seymour, C. and Wegst, U. G. K. (2008): The CES Eco Selector –Background Reading, Granta Design Ltd., Cambridge.Google Scholar