Improving Product Design based on Energy Considerations

  • Yingying Seow
  • Shahin Rahimifard
Conference paper


The industrial sector consumes a significant amount of the world’s energy supply; the rationalisation of energy consumption would provide the most effective method of reducing greenhouse gas emissions attributed to manufacturing and use of products. Energy consumed across the various stages of a product’s lifecycle varies significantly depending on the product design and its application. In non-energy using products such as furniture, food, and clothing, the material preparation and production phases represent a significant proportion of energy consumption over the product lifecycle. This paper proposes a new design methodology targeted at these products to minimise energy consumption during ‘production’ phase.


Energy Efficiency Design for the Environment Low Carbon Manufacturing 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    World Resource Institute (2005): Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 2005, Available at: - gas-emissions-2005, [Accessed 10 August 2009].
  2. 2.
    Otto, K. N. and Wood, K. L. (2001): Product Design - Techniques in Reverse Engineering and New Product Development, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Duflou, J. R. and Dewulf, J. (2004): Eco-Impact anticipation by Parametric Screening of Machine System Components, In Product Engineering (Eds, Talaba, D. and Roche, T.) Springer, Netherlands, pp. 17-30.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lewis, H., Gertsakis, J., Grant, T., Morelli, N. and Sweatman, A. (2001): Design + Environment, Greenleaf, Sheffield.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hauschild, M. Z., Jeswiet, J. and Alting, L. (2004): Design for Environment -- Do We Get the Focus Right?, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, 53, (1) 1-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pugh, S. (1991): Total Design-Integrated Methods for Successful Product Engineering, Addision-Wesley Publishers, Essex, UK.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hein, L. (1994): Design Methodology in Practice, Journal of Engineering Design, 5, (2).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fiksel, J. R. (Ed.) (1996): Design for environment: creating eco-efficient products and processes, McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Holt, R. and Barnes, C. (2009): Towards an integrated approach to “Design for X”: an agenda for decision-based DFX research, Research in Engineering Design.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Henstock, M. E. (1988) Design for Recyclability, Institute of Metals on behalf of the Material forum.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Subramani, A. K. and Dewhurst, P. (1991) Automatic generation of product disassembly sequence, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, 40, (1) 115-118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Alting, L. (1991): Life Cycle Design, Concurrent Engineering, 1, (6) 19-27.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Woodward, D. G. (1997): Life Cycle costing-theory, information acquisition and application, Int J Project Manag, 15, 335-344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Elkington, J. (1997): Cannibals with Forks: the triple bottom line of 21st century business, New Society, Gabriola Island.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rose, C., Stevels, A. and Ishii, K. (2000) A new approach to end-of-life design advisor (ELDA): Proceedings of the 2000 IEEE international symposium on electronics and the environment, San Francisco, CA, pp. 99-104.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Guinée, J. B., Gorree, M., Heijungs, R., Huppes, G., Kleijn, R., van Oers, L. et al., (2002): Handbook on life cycle assessment-operational guide to the ISO standard-, Kluwer Academic Publishing., Dordrecht, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    McAloone, T. C. (2000): Industrial Application of Environmentally Concious Design, Professional EngineeringGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Publishing, London.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Fitzgerald, D. P., Herrmann, J. W., Sandborn, P. A., Schimdt, L. C. and Gogoll, T. H. (2007): Design for Environment (DfE): Strategies, practices, guidelines, methods and tools, In Environmentally Conscious Mechanical Design(Ed, Kutz, M.) John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Knight, P. and Jenkins, J. O. (2009): Adopting and applying eco-design techniques: a practitioners perspective, Journal of Cleaner Production, 17, (5) 549-558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hauschild, M., Jeswiet, J. and Alting, L. (2005): From Life Cycle Assessment to Sustainable Production: Status and Perspectives, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, 54, (2) 1-21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, Ecoinvent, Available at: [Accessed 8 June 2010].
  23. 23.
    Granta Design Ltd. (2010), Available at: [Accessed 1 July 2010].
  24. 24.
    Optima Energy Management, Available at: [Accessed 20 April 2010].
  25. 25.
    Boyd, G., Dutrow, E. and Tunnessen, W., (2008): The evolution of the ENERGY STAR® energy performance indicator for benchmarking industrial plant manufacturing use, Journal of Cleaner Production, 16, 709-715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kissock, K. J. and Eger, C. (2008): Measuring Industrial Energy Savings, Applied Energy, 85, (5) 347-361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Harvey, L. D. D. (2009): Reducing energy use in the buildings sector: measures, costs, and examples, Energy Efficiency, 2, (2) 139-163.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Gutowski, T., J. Dahmus, and Thiriez, A., (2006): Electrical Energy Requirements for a Manufacturing Process. Proceedings of 13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Leuven, Belgium, 623-627.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Herrmann, C. and Thiede, S. (2009): Process chain simulation to foster energy efficiency in manufacturing, CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology Life Cycle Engineering, 1, (4) 221-229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Seow, Y. and Rahimifard, S., (2010): A Framework for Modelling Energy Consumption within Manufacturing Systems, Proceedings of 43rd CIRP International Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Vienna, Austria. pp. 222-227.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Rahimifard, S., Seow, Y. and Childs, T., (2010): Minimising Embodied Product Energy to support energy efficient manufacturing, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, 59, (1) 25-28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ashby, M. F., Miller, A., Rutter, F., Seymour, C. and Wegst, U. G. K. (2008): The CES Eco Selector –Background Reading, Granta Design Ltd., Cambridge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yingying Seow
    • 1
  • Shahin Rahimifard
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Sustainable Manufacturing and Reuse/Recycling TechnologiesLoughborough UniversityEnglandUK

Personalised recommendations