Climatic and Non Climatic Hazards: Asian Context

  • Ramesha Chandrappa
  • Sushil Gupta
  • Umesh Chandra Kulshrestha


Disasters can occur from natural and/or technological hazards and their combinations. The natural hazards fall into: astronomical (solar flares, geomagnetic storms, supernovas, and the collision of celestial matter with the Earth); biological (disease, pestilence, genetic mutations, and conflicts between human and wild animals); hydrometerological (floods, fog, severe storms, hurricanes, storm surges, tornadoes, temperature extremes); and geologic (earthquakes, tsunamis, liquefaction, landslides, rock slides, avalanches, mud flows, volcanoes, tsunamis, lahars, fumaroles, and lava flows).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramesha Chandrappa
    • 1
  • Sushil Gupta
    • 2
  • Umesh Chandra Kulshrestha
    • 3
  1. 1.Biomedical Waste SectionKarnataka State Pollution Control BoardBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Risk Management Solutions IndiaNoidaIndia
  3. 3.School of Environmental SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DehliIndia

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