Skip to main content

Biomechanics of Hip Arthroplasty

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Tribology in Total Hip Arthroplasty


The biomechanics of the hip joint has been of great interest to researchers and clinicians since the early days of anatomical studies. Julius Wolff addressed the relation between the inner architecture of the bone and the functional loading already in the nineteenth century [31] and Friedrich Pauwels built the foundation for a mechanical approach to understand joint loading 65 years later [24].

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 16.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 16.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  1. Amlie, E., Hovik, O., Reikeras, O.: Dislocation after total hip arthroplasty with 28 and 32-mm femoral head. J. Orthop. Traumatol. 11, 111–115 (2010)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Archbold, H.A., Slomczykowski, M., Crone, M., Eckman, K., Jaramaz, B., Beverland, D.E.: The relationship of the orientation of the transverse acetabular ligament and acetabular labrum to the suggested safe zones of cup positioning in total hip arthroplasty. Hip Int. 18, 1–6 (2008)

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Australian Orthopaedic Association: National Joint Replacement Registry Annual Report (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Bergmann, G., Deuretzbacher, G., Heller, M., Graichen, F., Rohlmann, A., Strauss, J., Duda, G.N.: Hip contact forces and gait patterns from routine activities. J. Biomech. 34, 859–871 (2001)

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Bergmann, G., Graichen, F., Rohlmann, A., Bender, A., Heinlein, B., Duda, G.N., Heller, M.O., Morlock, M.M.: Realistic loads for testing hip implants. Biomed. Mater. Eng. 20, 65–75 (2010)

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Berry, D.J., von Knoch, M., Schleck, C.D., Harmsen, W.S.: Effect of femoral head diameter and operative approach on risk of dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty. J. Bone Joint Surg. Am. 87, 2456–2463 (2005)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Bishop, N.E., Burton, A., Maheson, M., Morlock, M.M.: Biomechanics of short hip ­endoprostheses – the risk of bone failure increases with decreasing implant size. Clin. Biomech. (Bristol. Avon.) 25, 666–674 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Bishop, N.E., Waldow, F., Morlock, M.M.: Friction moments of large metal-on-metal hip joint bearings and other modern designs. Med. Eng. Phys. 30, 1057–1064 (2008)

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. De, H.R., Pattyn, C., Gill, H.S., Murray, D.W., Campbell, P.A., De, S.K.: Correlation between inclination of the acetabular component and metal ion levels in metal-on-metal hip resurfacing replacement. J. Bone Joint Surg. Br. 90, 1291–1297 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Fottner, A., Utzschneider, S., Mazoochian, F., von Schulze, P.C., Jansson, V.: Cementing techniques in hip arthroplasty: an overview. Z. Orthop. Unfall. 148, 168–173 (2010)

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Garbuz, D.S., Tanzer, M., Greidanus, N.V., Masri, B.A., Duncan, C.P.: The John Charnley Award: metal-on-metal hip resurfacing versus large-diameter head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty: a randomized clinical trial. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 468, 318–325 (2010)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Griffin, W.L., Nanson, C.J., Springer, B.D., Davies, M.A., Fehring, T.K.: Reduced articular surface of one-piece cups: a cause of runaway wear and early failure. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 468, 2328–2332 (2010)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Hay, J.: The Biomechanics of Sports Technique. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1978)

    Google Scholar 

  14. Johnston, R., Smidt, G.: Hip motion measurements for selected activities of daily living. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 72, 205–215 (1970)

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Kärrholm, J., Garellick, G., Herberts, P., Rogmarck, C.: Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register 2008. Department of Orthopaedics. Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  16. Kluess, D., Zietz, C., Lindner, T., Mittelmeier, W., Schmitz, K.P., Bader, R.: Limited range of motion of hip resurfacing arthroplasty due to unfavorable ratio of prosthetic head size and femoral neck diameter. Acta Orthop. 79, 748–754 (2008)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Long, W.T., Dastane, M., Harris, M.J., Wan, Z., Dorr, L.D.: Failure of the Durom Metasul acetabular component. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 468, 400–405 (2010)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. Morlock, M.M., Bishop, N., Zustin, J., Hahn, M., Ruther, W., Amling, M.: Modes of implant failure after hip resurfacing: morphological and wear analysis of 267 retrieval specimens. J. Bone Joint Surg. Am. 90(Suppl 3), 89–95 (2008)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  19. Muller, M., Tohtz, S., Springer, I., Dewey, M., Perka, C.: Randomized controlled trial of abductor muscle damage in relation to the surgical approach for primary total hip replacement: minimally invasive anterolateral versus modified direct lateral approach. Arch. Orthop. Trauma Surg. 131(2), 179–189 (2011)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  20. Nassutt, R., Wimmer, M.A., Schneider, E., Morlock, M.M.: The influence of resting periods on friction in the artificial hip. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 407, 127–138 (2003)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. National Joint Registry for England and Wales: 7th Annual Report 2009. Hemel Hempstead, U.K. (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  22. Oehy, J., Bider, K.: Design parameter to improve range of motion (ROM) in total hip arthroplasty. In: Lazennec, J.Y., Dietrich, M. (eds.) Bioceramics in Joint Arthroplasty, pp. 149–156. Steinkopf, Darmstadt (2004)

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  23. Padgett, D.E., Lipman, J., Robie, B., Nestor, B.J.: Influence of total hip design on dislocation: a computer model and clinical analysis. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 447, 48–52 (2006)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  24. Pauwels, F.: Der Schenkelhalsbruch – ein mechanisches Problem. Ferdinand Enke, Stuttgart (1935)

    Google Scholar 

  25. Peters, C.L., McPherson, E., Jackson, J.D., Erickson, J.A.: Reduction in early dislocation rate with large-diameter femoral heads in primary total hip arthroplasty. J. Arthroplasty 22, 140–144 (2007)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  26. Pospischill, M., Kranzl, A., Attwenger, B., Knahr, K.: Minimally invasive compared with traditional transgluteal approach for total hip arthroplasty: a comparative gait analysis. J. Bone Joint Surg. Am. 92, 328–337 (2010)

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Sariali, E., Lazennec, J.Y., Khiami, F., Catonne, Y.: Mathematical evaluation of jumping distance in total hip arthroplasty: influence of abduction angle, femoral head offset, and head diameter. Acta Orthop. 80, 277–282 (2009)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  28. Sariali, E., Stewart, T., Jin, Z., Fisher, J.: In vitro investigation of friction under edge-loading conditions for ceramic-on-ceramic total hip prosthesis. J. Orthop. Res. 28, 979–985 (2010)

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  29. Spears, I.R., Pfleiderer, M., Schneider, E., Hille, E., Bergmann, G., Morlock, M.M.: Interfacial conditions between a press-fit acetabular cup and bone during daily activities: implications for achieving bone in-growth. J. Biomech. 33, 1471–1477 (2000)

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. Weiss, C., Gdaniec, P., Hoffmann, N.P., Hothan, A., Huber, G., Morlock, M.M.: Squeak in hip endoprosthesis systems: an experimental study and a numerical technique to analyze design variants. Med. Eng. Phys. 32, 604–609 (2010)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  31. Wolff, J.: Über die innere Architektur der Knochen und ihre Bedeutung für die Frage von Knochenwachsthum. Virchows Arch. A Pathol. Anat. Histopathol. 50, 389–450 (1870)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Michael M. Morlock .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Morlock, M.M., Bishop, N., Huber, G. (2011). Biomechanics of Hip Arthroplasty. In: Knahr, K. (eds) Tribology in Total Hip Arthroplasty. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-19428-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-19429-0

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics